Das Standardwerk der Natursteinbranche
The Leading Database On Natural Stone
   
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important information for professionals
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Beschreibung, technische Daten, Verlege- und Pflegehinweise, Bruchbetreiber, Großhändler
Description, technical characteristics,
manufacturer-specific recommendations for cleaning, protection und maintenance,
quarry operators, wholesalers

 

An Overview Of The Most Popular Natural Stones
B C E G H
I J K L M
N P R T V
    W    
Name
African Red
Information A medium- to coarse-grained, red granite.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,62 - 2,82 kg/dm³, bending strength: 15 - 18,1 N/mm², compression breaking load: 178,5 - 220,8 N/mm², water absorption: 0,18 - 0,22 weight-%.
Tests regarding radio activity gave an emission of 180 nSV/h ( sample from the Abraxas Archive ).
Mean ultimate loads for FZP-Anchor (Type M8, drillhole depth hv = 15 mm): tensile load: 10,7 kN (according to test results of the test laboratory at the Fischerwerke).
Reference: Landmark Square Project, Long Beach/USA; Taunustor Japan-Center, Frankfurt/M./Hessen/Germany.
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone since about 1985.
Location South Africa (Polgietersrus/Northern Province)
Synonyms A.P. Red, Africa Red, Africa Rot, African-Red, Afrika-Red, Afrika-Rot, Red Africa, Red Afrika, Rojo Africa, Rosso Africa, Rouge Afrique, Vermelho Africa, WG209
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Name
Agra
Information A red sandstone, partly with little beige spots, a little transformed by metamorphism.
Tests regarding radio activity gave an emission of 120 nSV/h ( sample from the Abraxas Archive ).
References: Many old English forts in India; Museum of Contemporary Art/Los Angeles/CA (facing, 1986); Indian Ambassy, Berlin/Germany (facing)
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone, natural split for flooring.
Location India (Agra/Uttar Pradesh/Hindustan)
Synonyms Agra Red, Allekta, Barauli, Barauli Red, Karauli, Koaroli, Morning Glory, Red Agra
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Name
Alta
Information Commercial name (according to European Standard EN 12440 addendum A) for a grey-green, fissionable mica schist of the Precambrian period, quartz about 65 %, mica about 30 %.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,69 kg/dm³, bending strength according to DIN 52112: 37,0 N/mm², compression breaking load according to DIN 52105: 328,0 N/mm², water absorption according to DIN 52103: 0,14 weight-%, abrasion resistance according to DIN 52108: 7,3 cm³/50 cm² (according to Boehme), frost resistant, polishing possible.
References: Louvre/Paris/France; Landesregierung inTuebingen/Baden-Wuerttemberg/Germany.
Uses: Since 1919as construction stone, ornamental stone, mostly natural split for facing and flooring in- and outside.
Location Norway (Peska, Stilla/Oevre Alta/Finnmark)
Synonyms Alta Kwartsiet, Alta Quarzit, Alta Quarzite, Alta Quartzite, Alta-Quarzit, Alta-Skifer, Altaquarzit, Altaskifer, Cuarcita de Alta, Midnight Sun, Nordischer Quarzit, Nordquarzit, Norwegischer Altaquarzit, Norwegischer Quarzit, Polar-Quarzit
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Name
American Mahogany
Information A medium- to coarse-grained, brown-red granite of the Precambrian period, with blue quartz and bands of biotite.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,850 - 2,880 kg/dm³, bending strength: 12,85 - 13,34 N/mm², compression breaking load: 159,9 - 178,2 N/mm², water absorption: 0,20 - 0,30 weight-%, frost resistant, polish constant.
Tests regarding radio activity gave an emission of 180 nSV/h ( sample from the Abraxas Archive ).
Uses: Ornamental stone in- and outside
Location USA (Milbank/Grant County/South Dakota)
Synonyms Dakota Mahagoni, Dakota Mahagony, Dakota Mahogany, Mahogany, Mahogany Dakota, Mahogany Dakota America
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Name
Arabescato Cervaiole
Information Commercial name (according to European Standard EN 12440 addendum A) for a fine-grained, white to light grey marble of the Jurassic period, with greenish-grey decoration.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,70 kg/dm³, bending strength: 20,6 N/mm², compression breaking load: 140,6 - 149,4 N/mm². abrasion resistance: ?(0,69 mm according to Amsler).
Uses: Ornamental stone
Location Italy (Seravezza/Apennines/Provincia di Lucca/Tuscany)
Synonyms Arabescato Cervaiola
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Name
Azarshar Red
Information An intensive red travertine of the Pleistocene period, with light red and red-brown decoration.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,44 - 2,67 kg/dm³, compression breaking load: 23,4 - 50,6 N/mm², water absorption: 1,65 ?(weight)-%, polishing possible ( with pores ).
Uses: Ornamental stone
Location Iran (Azar Shar/lake Urmia/Azarbayjan e Gharbi)
Synonyms Azar Shar Red, Persia Rosso, Persian Red, Persiano Rosso, Red Azarshar, Red Persian, Red Travertine, Rosso Persia, Rosso Persiano, Rosso Soraya, Rosso Taebris, Sanandaj Red, Sananday, Travertin d`Iran Rouge, Travertin Rot Iran, Travertin Rouge d'Iran, Travertino Encarnado, Travertino Rosso, Travertino Rosso Persiano, Travertino Soraya
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Name
Azul Bahia
Information A white-blue sodalite foidolite of the Precambrian period, Portuguese "azul" = blue. The blue colour is caused by sodalite, available since about 1965.
Mineral distribution on the average: microcline: 51%, sodalite: 30%, cancrinite: 10%, plagioclase: 5%, aegirine: 2%, mafite: 2%.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density according to ABNT NBR 12.766: 2,545 kg/dm³, bending strength according to ABNT NBR 12.763: 16,64 N/mm², compression breaking load according to ABNT NBR 12.767: 169,20 N/mm², abrasion resistance according to ABNT NBR 12.042 (Amsler): 0,75 mm, water absorption according to ABNT NBR 12.766: 0,04%, frost resistant, polish constant only inside.
Reference: Hotel First Residence at Giza/Egypt.
Uses: Building stone, ornamental stone.
Azul Bahia is one of the most expensive natural stones, the raw blocks are often small.
Caution, acids will be change the blue colour of the sodalite into grey !

This stone internationally may be nominated as a granite. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as syenite because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location Brazil (quarry RN 000001, RN 000002/Fazenda Hiassu/Itaju do Colonia/Bahia/Nordeste)
Synonyms Azul-Bahia, Azul da Bahia, Azul de Bahia, Azul do Bahia, Azzurro Bahia, Bahia, Bahia Azul, Bahia Azur, Bahia Blau, Bahia Blue, Bahia Blue Granite, Blu Bahia, Blue Bahia, Granito Azul, Granito Azul da Bahia
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Name
Azul Macaubas
Information

A wavy, blue quartzite of the Precambrian period, colour caused by dumortierite, Portuguese "azul" = blue.
Mineral distribution on the average: quartz: 78%, dumortierite: 12%, muscovite: 10%.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density according to ABNT NBR 12.766: 2,683 kg/dm³, bending strength according to ABNT NBR 12.763: 20,39 N/mm², compression breaking load according to ABNT NBR 12.767: 210,20 N/mm², abrasion resistance according to ABNT NBR 12.042 (Amsler): 0,54 mm (500 m), water absorption according to ABNT NBR 12.766: 0,11%, frost resistant, polishing possible, chemical resistance very well.
Mean ultimate loads for FZP-Anchor (Type M6, drillhole depth hv = 12 mm): tensile load: 6,4 kN (according to test results of the test laboratory at the Fischerwerke).
Uses: Ornamental stone and for decorative craft objects.
Azul Macaubas is, according to technical and physical characteristics and mineral distribution absolutly identical with Azul Boquira, but it is from another quarry.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a granite. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as quartzite because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location Brazil (quarry RN 000006/Serra da Vereda/Macaubas e Boquira/Bahia/Nordeste)
Synonyms Azul de Macauba, Azul de Macaubas, Azul do Macaubas, Azul Macauba, Azul Maccauba, Azul Makauba, Azuldo, Azuldo Macaubas, Azzurro Macaubas, Blue Macauba, Blue Macaubas Quartzite, Granito Azul, Granito Azul Macaubas, Macauba, Macauba Azul, Macauba Blue, Macaubas Azul, Macaubas Blue, Macaubas Granito
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Name
Azul Platino
Information Commercial name (according to European Standard EN 12440 addendum A) for a medium- to coarse-grained, blue-grey two-mica granite, Spanish "azul platino" = platin-blue.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,59 kg/dm³, bending strength: 14,22 N/mm², compression breaking load: 135,87 N/mm², water absorption: 0,19 ?(weight)-%. abrasion resistance: 0,061 mm (unknown test method).
Tests regarding radio activity gave an emission of 150 nSV/h ( sample from the Abraxas Archive ).
Mean ultimate loads for FZP-Anchor (Type M6, drillhole depth hv = 15 mm): tensile load: 6,5 kN (according to test results of the test laboratory at the Fischerwerke)
Reference: European Parliament/Brussel/Belgium.
Uses: Ornamental stone.
Location Spain (Plasenzuela/Trujillo/Caceres/Extremadura)
Synonyms Azul Graninter, Azul Palatino, Azul Platina, Azul Plattino, Azul Trujillo Platino, Blue Platino, Platinum Blue, Trujillo Blue Platinum
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Name
Balmoral
Information A medium- to coarse-grained, red granite of the Precambrian period, so-called after Balmoral Castle, Scotland.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,62 - 2,71 kg/dm³, bending strength: 13,7 - 15,4 N/mm², compression breaking load: 174 - 261,93 N/mm², water absorption: 0,14 - 0,41 weight-%, frost resistant, polish constant.
References: National Museum Prague/Czech Republik; Police Headquarters/Toronto/Canada
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone.
Available are two sorts, Balmoral FG + Balmoral RG.
Location Finland (Vehmaa-Taivassalo)
Synonyms Balmora Red, Balmoral Red, Balmoral Rosso, Finnish Red, Red Balmoral, Rojo Balmoral, Rosso Balmoral, Rosso Finnlandia, Taivassalon Punainen
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Name
Baltic Brown
Information Commercial name (according to European Standard EN 12440 addendum A) for a brown-black granite ( rapakivi ) of the Precambrian period.
Spherical shape of the brown potassic feldspars. Exploitation since 1972.
Mineral distribution on the average: orthoclase: 55%, quartz: 25%, plagioclase: 11%, amphibole: 9%.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,680 kg/dm³, bending strength: 11 N/mm², compression breaking load: 150 N/mm², water absorption: 0,16 weight-% frost resistant, polish constant.
Reference: Frankfurt Airport Center/Frankfurt/Germany.
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone in- and outside
Location Finland (Savitaipale, Ylaemaa, Husu, Leppeeranta, Miehikkaelae - near the border to Russia - )
Synonyms Baltic Braun, Baltic Brovn, Baltic Brown Granite, Baltic Brun, Baltik Braun, Brown Baltic, Bruno Baltico, Castanho Verdoso, Coffe Diamond, GA 501, Kugelgranit, Marron Baltico, Marrone Baltico, Rapakiwi-Granit, Ylaemaan Ruskea
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Name
Barre Grey
Information A fine-grained, light grey granite of Devonian age.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,65 kg/dm³, bending strength: 15,86 N/mm², compression breaking load: 170 N/mm².
Reference: General British Consulate/Hong Kong/China
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone.
Location USA (Barre/Washington County/Vermont)
Synonyms Barre Gray, Regal Gray, Regal Grey
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Name
Basaltina
Information Commercial name (according to European Standard EN 12440 addendum A) for a grey lava of the Quaternary period.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,23 kg/dm³, bending strength: 14 N/mm², compression breaking load: 82,5 - 88 N/mm², water absorption: 9 weight-%, frost resistant, polishing not possible.
Tests regarding radio activity gave an emission of 120 nSV/h ( sample from the Abraxas Archive ).
Mean ultimate loads for FZP-Anchor (Type M8, drillhole depth hv = 15 mm): tensile load: 6,2 kN (according to test results of the test laboratory at the Fischerwerke).
Reference: Finanzamt Zentrum/Aachen/Germany; Deutsche Apothekerbank/Duesseldorf/Germany.
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone, the pores are smaller than the pores of Rheinische Basaltava, but Basaltina is much more expensive.
Location Italy (Bagnoregio/Provincia di Viterbo/Lazio)
Synonyms Basaltina Classico, Basaltino, Basalto di Viterbo, Grigio Anciano, Grigio Aniciano, Pietra Aniciano, Pietra Basaltica, Pietra Basaltina
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Name
Bethel White
Information A medium-grained, white to light grey granite of the Devonian period.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,52 - 2,72 kg/dm³, bending strength: 11,6 - 16,87 N/mm², compression breaking load: 192 - 233 N/mm², water absorption: 0,18 - 0,30 weight-%, frost resistant, polish constant.
Mean ultimate loads for FZP-Anchor (Type M6, drillhole depth hv = 15 mm): tensile load: 6,6 kN (according to test results of the test laboratory at the Fischerwerke).
Reference: Grand America Hotel/Salt Lake City/USA (facing).
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone in- and outside.
Location USA (Bethel/Windsor County/Green Mountains/Vermont)
Synonyms Bathel White, Bethal White, Hartwick, Hartwick White, Lord, Lord Granit, White Bethel
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Name
Bianco Carrara C
Information A fine-grained, light grey marble of the Jurassic period, with grey decoration.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,711 - 2,735 kg/dm³, bending strength: 15,05 - 21,78 N/mm², compression breaking load: 86,45 - 131,45 N/mm², water absorption: 0,12 - 0,15 weight-%, abrasion resistance: 0,58 - 0,65 mm.
Uses: Ornamental stone.
Bianco Carrara C is more expensive than the darker sorts Bianco Carrara CD + Bianco Carrara D
Location Italy (the Carrara region/Provincia di Massa Carrara/Apennines/Tuscany)
Synonyms Bianco C, Bianco Carrara Typ C, Blanc Carrara C, Blanc Carrare C, Carrara Bianco C, Carrara C
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Name
Bianco Carrara CD
Information A fine-grained, light grey marble of the Jurassic period, with dark grey decoration; the medium coloured sort of Bianco Carrara.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,70 - 2,75 kg/dm³, bending strength: 17,1 - 21,8 N/mm², compression breaking load: 115,9 -133,6 N/mm², water absorption: 0,12 - 0,14 weight-%, abrasion resistance: 0,80 - 1,12 mm (according to Amsler).
Mean ultimate loads for FZP-Anchor (Type M8, drillhole depth hv = 15 mm): tensile load: 6,9 kN (according to test results of the test laboratory at the Fischerwerke).
References: Carlsberg Glyptotek/Kopenhavn/Denmark (1996).
Uses: Ornamental stone.
At present ( 2002 ) the most manufactured sort of Carrara marble. It is a cheap commerce quality, darker than Bianco Carrara C.
Location Italy (the Carrara region/Provincia di Massa Carrara/Apennines/Tuscany)
Synonyms Bianco Carrara Typ CD, Bianco Carrara C/D, Blanc Carrara CD, Blanc Carrare CD, Carrara CD, Carrara Lochi, White Carrara C/D
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Name
Bianco Carrara Gioia
Information A fine-grained, white to light grey marble of the Jurassic period, with dark decoration, one of the most manufactured sorts of Carrara marble, Italian "bianco"= white, light.
This sort is sometimes contenting very much so-called "tarolli" (s.a. Bianco Carrara).
Uses: Ornamental stone.
Reference: The new building of the IMM at Carrara/Italy.
Location Italy (Gioia/Carrara/Provincia di Massa Carrara/Apennines/Tuscany)
Synonyms Bianco Carrara Tipo Gioia, Bianco Gioga, Bianco Gioia, Carrara Gioia, Gioia, Marmo Bianco di Gioia, White Carrara Gioia
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Name
Bianco Cristal
Information A medium-grained, light grey-white muscovite granite of the Carboniferous period, Italian "bianco"= white, light.
Essentials: quartz, orthoclase, plagioclase, biotite; secondary minerals resp. accessories: chlorite, muskovite, zircone, sericite
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,54 - 2,68 kg/dm³, bending strength: 13,7 - 14,7 N/mm², compression breaking load: 142,24 - 183,4 N/mm², water absorption: 0,22 - 0,47 weight-%, abrasion resistance: 9,3 cm³/50 cm² (according to Boehme).
Reference: General British Consulate/Hong Kong/China.
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone in- and outside.
Colours may change from white into yellow, caused by the transformation of biotite into limonite ( mostly blocks of the upper layers of the quarry ).

The European Standard: EN 12440 "Natural stone - Denomination criteria" became effective at 2000, September 30th. In the "Synonyms" field of this database you will find the trade names of addendum A with the annotation (according to EN 12440, addendum A).

Location Spain (Cadalso de los Vidrios/Madrid)
Synonyms Bianco Cristall, Bianco Cristallo, Bianco Crystall, Bianco Kristall, Blanc Cristal, Blanco Cristal (according to EN 12440, addendum A), Blanco Crystal, Blanco Crystall, Branco Cristal, Granit Bianco Cristal, Kristallweiss, White Cristal
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Name
Bianco Perlino
Information A very light beige limestone of the Lower Cretaceous period, with stylolitic veins, Italian "bianco"= white, light.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,63 - 2,701 kg/dm³, bending strength: 9,81 - 12,56 N/mm², compression breaking load: 128 - 190 N/mm², water absorption: 0,11 - 0,15 weight-%, abrasion resistance: 0,64 mm, polish constant only inside.
Reference: Administration building of the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung/Berlin/Germany (Foyer).
Uses: Ornamental stone inside.

The European Standard: EN 12440 "Natural stone - Denomination criteria" became effective at 2000, September 30th. In the "Synonyms" field of this database you will find the trade names of addendum A with the annotation (according to EN 12440, addendum A).

This stone internationally may be nominated as a marble. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as limestone because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location Italy (Asiago/Provincia di Vicenza/European Alps/Veneto)
Synonyms Asiago Bianco, Asiago Blanco, Asiago Perlatino, Asiago Perlino, Bianco Asiago (according to EN 12440, addendum A), Biancone (according to EN 12440, addendum A), Biancone di Asiago, Blanco Perlino, Perla Bianco, Perla Marina, Perlino, Perlino Bianco, Perlino Blanco
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Name
Bianco Sardo
Information Commercial name (according to European Standard EN 12440 addendum A) for a coarse-grained, light grey granite of the Carboniferous/Devonian period, Italian "bianco"= white, light.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,58 - 2,62 kg/dm³, bending strength: 12,3 - 14,2 N/mm², compression breaking load: 159 - 213 N/mm², water absorption: 0,580 weight-%.
Tests regarding radio activity gave an emission of 160 nSV/h ( sample from the Abraxas Archive ).
Mean ultimate loads for FZP-Anchor (Type M6, drillhole depth hv = 12 mm): tensile load: 5,1 kN (according to test results of the test laboratory at the Fischerwerke)
Reference: Messe Koeln/Germany.
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone.
Bianco Sardo is one of Europe's most well-known granites. There are several varieties, sorts and trade marks. Ordering Bianco Sardo granite you should determine the exact type or sort.
Location Italy (Ale dei Sardi, Ozieri/Budduso/Sassari/Sardegna)
Synonyms Bianca Sardo, Bianco Sarda, Bianco Sardegna, Bianco Sardena, Blanc Sarde, Blanco Sardo, Sardo Bianco
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Name
Blue Eyes
Information A medium-grained, light grey anorthosite of the Precambrian period, with only a few, but intensive blue iridescent areas.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,74 - 2,76 kg/dm³, bending strength: 16,7 - 17,7 N/mm², compression breaking load: 192,3 - 195,2 N/mm², water absorption: 0,10 - 0,12 weight-%, frost resistant, polish constant.
Uses: Ornamental stone, available since 1991.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a granite. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as anorthosite because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location Canada (Nain, Paul Island/Newfoundland/Labrador - Mesoproterozioc Nain Plutonic Suite - )
Synonyms Blu Eyes, Blue Eye, Blue Eys, Eyes Blue, Labrador Blue Eyes, Reflect Blue
Suppliers

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Name
Blue Pearl
Information Commercial name (according to European Standard EN 12440 addendum A) for a coarse-grained, light blue iridescent syenite ( larvikite ) of the Permian period.
The iridescence on the polished surface results of the reflection of light at the feldspar crystals.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,68 - 2,73 kg/dm³, bending strength: 12,26 - 24,5 N/mm², compression breaking load: 143 - 196 N/mm², water absorption: 0,12 - 0,20 weight-%, frost resistant, polish constant.
Reference: Fordland Development/Detroit/MI/USA (facing).
Uses: Ornamental stone.
Manufactured as flooring, some tiles should be turned 90° to get an homogeneous surface.
There are very lots of varieties resp. sorts under several different trade names (Marina Pearl + Blue Pearl GT, etc.). The deeper the blue, the higher the price. At time ( 2002 ) there are working about 30 quarries. Blue Pearl is very popular in Germany today and you will find it in nearly every supplier's stock.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a granite. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as syenite because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location Norway (Almenningen, Arent, Bjoerndalen, Norwegian Pearl, Ostskogen, Stalaker, Storaas, Utklev/Tvedalen/Vestfold)
Synonyms Blue Labrador Hell, Blue Perl, Bluepearl, GA601, GA 601, Labrador Azurro, Labrador Azzurro, Labrador Azzurro Blue Pearl, Labrador Blau, Labrador Bleu, Labrador Blue Pearl, Labrador Chiaro, Labrador Claro, Labrador Hell, Ljus Labrador, Perla Azurro, Stalaker
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Name
Botticino Classico
Information Commercial name (according to European Standard EN 12440 addendum A) for a light beige limestone of the Jurassic period (Lias) with light spots.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,682 kg/dm³, bending strength: 5,89 N/mm², compression breaking load: 204,2 - 211,9 N/mm², water absorption: 0,55 weight-%, abrasion resistance: 1,1 mm (according to Amsler), frost resistant, polish constant only inside.
Mean ultimate loads for FZP-Anchor (Type M8, drillhole depth hv = 15 mm): tensile load: 6,2 kN (according to test results of the test laboratory at the Fischerwerke).
Reference: Many antique buildings in the Brescia region; Jefferson County Courthouse/Birmimgham/Alabama/USA.
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone since antiquity.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a marble. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as limestone because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location Italy (Mazzano, Botticino Sera/Provincia di Brescia/European Alps/Lombardia)
Synonyms Boticcino Classico, Botticino Classical
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Name
Botticino Semiclassico
Information A light beige limestone of the Jurassic period ( Lias ) with light spots.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,680 kg/dm³, bending strength: 16,68 - 17,17 N/mm², compression breaking load: 213,86 - 217,78 N/mm², water absorption: 0,19 - 0,21 weight-%, abrasion resistance: 0,69 mm (unknown test method), frost resistant, polish constant only inside.
Mean ultimate loads for FZP-Anchor (Type M8, drillhole depth hv = 15 mm): tensile load: 5,2 kN (according to test results of the test laboratory at the Fischerwerke).
References: Crabtree Valley Mall/Raleigh/North Carolina/USA; Regent Hotel/Sydney/Australia.
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a marble. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as limestone because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location Italy (Mazzano, Botticino Sera/Provincia di Brescia/European Alps/Lombardia)
Synonyms Botticino Semi Classico, Botticino Semi-Classico
Suppliers

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Name
Breccia Sarda
Information A brown-beige limestone ( oolitic limestone ) of the Tertiary period.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,620 - 2,640 kg/dm³, bending strength: 14,91 - 15,50 N/mm², compression breaking load: 201,11 - 215,82 N/mm², water absorption: 0,41 - 0,45 weight-%, polish constant only inside.
Uses: Ornamental stone.
Available are several sorts, s.a. Breccia Sarda Chiara + Breccia Sarda Media + Breccia Sarda Scura.

The European Standard: EN 12440 "Natural stone - Denomination criteria" became effective at 2000, September 30th. In the "Synonyms" field of this database you will find the trade names of addendum A with the annotation (according to EN 12440, addendum A).

This stone internationally may be nominated as a marble. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as limestone because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location Italy (Orosei/Provincia di Nuoro/Sardegna)
Synonyms Breccia Olympo, Breccia Sarda Daino, Breccia Sarda Olimpia, Breccia Sarda Olympia, Breccia Sarde, Breccia Sardo Daino, Brechia Sarda, Brechia Sardo, Brekcha Sardo, Brescia Sarda, Daino, Daino Real, Daino Reale, Daino Tirreno (according to EN 12440, addendum A), Daino Venato, Deino, Deino Marmor, Diana Scorpio, Diane Reale, Diano Reale, Dino Reale, Napoleon Perlato Daino, Olimpia Beige, Orosei, Orosei Perlato, Perlato Daino, Perlato Imperial, Perlato Imperiale, Perlato Olimp, Perlato Olimpio, Perlato Olimpo, Perlato Olimpo Daino, Perlato Olymp, Perlato Olympico, Perlato Olympio, Perlato Olympo, Perlato Olympus, Perlato Tirreno, Scorpio, Scorpion, Skorpion, Tigrato Olimpo
Suppliers

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Name
Buxy
Information A beige, light brown or brown-grey oolitic limestone of the Jurassic period, with a lots of biocasts (crinoid fragments).
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,63 - 2,67 kg/dm³, N/mm², bending strength: 11,7 N/mm², compression breaking load: 104,9 - 134 N/mm², water absorption: 1,01 %, frost resistant, polish constant only inside.
References: Japanese ambassy/Geneve/Switzerland; Musee d'Orsay/Paris/France ( 28,000 m² ).
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone.

There are several sorts, resp. trade names, s.a. Buxy Ambre + Buxy Bayadere + Buxy Bleu + Buxy Cendre + Buxy Goulot + Buxy Gris + Buxy Gris Cendre + Buxy Gris Jaune Cendre + Buxy Gris Bleu + Buxy Jaune + Buxy LR + Buxy Nuance + Buxy Uni.

Location France (Bissey-sus-Cruchaud, Goulot/Montagny les Buxy/Buxy/Dept. Saone-et-Loire/Bourgogne)
Synonyms Pierre de Buxy, Kalkstein Buxy, Limestone Buxy
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Name
Calacatta d'Oro
Information A fine-grained, beige marble of the Jurassic period (Lias) with yellowish-brown-grey decoration, Italian "oro" = golden.
One of the most well-known sorts of Calacatta marble.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,69 - 2,72 kg/dm³, bending strength: 14,3 - 16,09 N/mm², compression breaking load: 106,1 - 108,4 ?(141,8 - 146,7 ) N/mm², water absorption: 0,18 vol.-%, abrasion resistance: 5,8 - 9,84 mm (according to Amsler), not frost resistant, polish constant only inside.
Uses: Ornamental stone.
Location Italy (Sovicille/Provincia di Siena/Tuscany)
Synonyms Calacata Gold Marble, Calacatta Doro, Calacatta Gold, Calacatta Golden, Calacata Oro, Calacatta Oro, Vena d`Oro
Suppliers

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Name
Caliza Capri
Information A light beige oolitic limestone of the Cretaceous period, with lots of very small shell fragments, Spanish "caliza" = limestone.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,62 - 2,70 kg/dm³, bending strength: 16,6 N/mm², compression breaking load: 84 N/mm², water absorption: 0,2 - ?6,48%, frost resistant, polish constant only inside.
Mean ultimate loads for FZP-Anchor (Type M8W, drillhole depth hv = 21 mm): tensile load: 8,1 kN (according to test results of the test laboratory at the Fischerwerke)
Uses: Ornamental stone in- and outside.
Location Spain (Zarcilla de Ramos/Lorca/Murcia)
Synonyms Caliza Andalucia, Caliza Zarci, Calizia Capri, Calizia Zarci, Capri, Capri Caliza, Capri Limestone, Claizia Capri, Classic White, Galicia Capri, Galizia Capri, Kalitza Capri, Limestone Calizia Capri, Limestone Capri, Palmira
Suppliers

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Name
Cambrian Black
Information A medium-grained, black gabbro of the Precambrian period.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,87 kg/dm³, bending strength: 12 N/mm², compression breaking load: 131,8 N/mm².
Bulk density according to ASTM C97: 179,2 pcf; modulus of rupture according to ASTM C99: 2,255 psi; compressive strenght according to ASTM C170: 23,600 psi; absorption according to ASTM C97: 0,11 %.
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a granite. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as gabbro because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location Canada (Winnipeg/Manitoba)
Synonyms Cambrian, Cold Spring Black, Royal Black
Suppliers

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Name
Camelia White
Information A very light grey orthogneiss of the Cambrian period, with soft black, grey or brown decoration.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,619 kg/dm³, bending strength: 13,30 N/mm², compression breaking load: 129,0 N/mm², frost resistant, polish constant.
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a granite. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as gneiss because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location USA (Rowan County/North Carolina)
Synonyms Kamelia White, Kamelian White, White Camellia, White Camelia
Suppliers

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Name
Carmen Red
Information Commercial name (according to European Standard EN 12440 addendum A) for a coarse-grained, brown-red granite of the Precambrian periodm with rounded, big red orthoclase crystals. Exploitation since the 70th of the 20th century.
Mineral distribution on the average (vol.): orthoclase: 50%, quartz: 36%, plagioclase: 9%, biotite: 5%.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,630 kg/dm³, bending strength: 9,5 N/mm², compression breaking load: 123 N/mm², water absorption: 0,14 - 0,42 weight-%, frost resistant, polish constant.
References: Wiltshire Court Plaza/Los Angeles/California/USA, Bank of California/San Diego/California/USA; Dominion Tower/Norfolk/VA/USA.
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone.
Location Finland (Virolahti, Virojoki)
Synonyms Carmen Rot, Garmen Red, Carmen Rot, Red Carmen, Rojo Carmen, Rosso Carmen Red, Virolahden Punainen
Suppliers

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Name
Clair du Tarn
Information A medium-grained, light grey granite of the Carboniferous period, French "clair"= light.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,7 kg/dm³, bending strength: 16,0 N/mm², compression breaking load: 171 N/mm², water absorption: 0,34 weight-%, frost resistant, polish constant.
Reference: Terminal 2 of the Frankfurt Airport/Hessen/Germany (70.000 m²).
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone in- and outside.
Location France (Sidobre/Castres/Dept. Tarn/Midi-Pyrenees/Massif Central)
Synonyms Bianco Tarn, Blanc du Tarn, Blanco Tarn, Clair-du-Tarn, Tarn Clair, Tarn Granit Bianco, Tarne Clair
Supplier

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Name
Crema Marfil
Information Commercial name (according to European Standard EN 12440 addendum A) for a beige oolitic limestone of the Eocene period ( other authorities say Jurassic ), with many fossil fragments ( foraminifera + echinoderma ), Spanish "crema" = cream, "marfil" = ivory.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,70 - 2,72 kg/dm³, bending strength: 19,4 - 19,4 N/mm², compression breaking load: 96,7 - 162 N/mm² (the suppliers's informations are wide-spread!), water absorption: 0,15 - 0,50 %, frost resistant, polish constant only inside.
Uses: Ornamental stone in- and outside.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a marble. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as limestone because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location Spain (Pinoso/Novelda/Alicante/Valencia)
Synonyms Cream Marfil, Creme Marfil, Crema Mafil, Crema Marfel, Crema Marfil Ivory, Crema Marfilsa, Crema Marfilza, Crema Morvil, Creme de Ivoire, Cremo Morphil, Marfil Cream
Supplier

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Name
Eagle Red
Information Commercial name (according to European Standard EN 12440 addendum A) for a coarse-grained, red granite of the Precambrian period. Exploitation since 1964.
Mineral distribution on the average: orthoclase: 44%, quartz: 38%, plagioclase: 10%, biotite: 7%, accessories: 1%.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,61 - 2,62 kg/dm³, bending strength: 10,5 - 13,9 N/mm², compression breaking load: 164 - 206 N/mm², water absorption: 0,22 weight-%, frost resistant, polish constant.
References: South Figueroa Street Project/Los Angeles/CA/USA; Kuochdoch Building/Tokyo/Japan.
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone.
Location Finland (Pythaeae/Kotka)
Synonyms Karhula, Kotka, Kotka Red, Kotkan Punainen, Red Eagle, Rosso Aquila, Rosso Marina
Suppliers

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Name
Emerald Pearl
Information Commercial name (according to European Standard EN 12440 addendum A) for a blue-green syenite ( larvikite ) of the Permian period.
The iridescence on the polished surface results of the reflection of light at the feldspar crystals.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,71 - 2,75 kg/dm³, bending strength: 12,5 - 16,68 N/mm², compression breaking load: 107,91 - 180 N/mm², water absorption: 0,18 - 0,34 weight-%, frost resistant, polish constant.
Uses: Ornamental stone.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a granite. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as syenite because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location Norway (Blokksten, Hasle, Klastad, Praeteskogen, Skallist/Tjoelling/Larvik/Vestfold)
Synonyms Dunkel Labrador, Emerald Perl, Esmerald Pearl, Labrador Dunkel, Labrador Emerald Pearl, Labrador Escuro, Labrador Gruen, Labrador Oscuro, Labrador Scuro, Labrador Verde, Labrador Vert, Perla Smeralda, Verde Larvik
Supplier

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Name
Estremoz
Information Several pink to beige marbles ( ophicalcites too ) of the Lower Cambrian period, the colour is wide-spread.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: ~2,7 kg/dm³, bending strength:~18 - 25 N/mm², compression breaking load: ~70 - 95 N/mm², water absorption: ~0,10 weight-%, polish constant only inside.
Uses: Ornamental stone in- and outside.

The colour is wide-spread, there are many sorts, varieties and trade names.
The differences between the single sorts are often minimal, so the trade names Rosa Aurora + Rosa Portogallo + Vigaria are also synonymes for Estremoz.

Location Portugal (many quarries in the Estremoz, Borba, Vila Vicosa region/Evora/Alentejo)
Synonyms Estramoz, Estremos, Estromoz, Extremoz, Eztremos, Portogallo, Rosa Aurora, Rosa Aurora Estremoz, Rosa Portogallo, Rosa Portugallo
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Name
G 603
Information A fine-grained, grey granite ( monzogranite ) of the Precambrian period.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,61 - 2,68 kg/dm³, bending strength: 17,8 N/mm², compression breaking load: 168 N/mm², water absorption: 0,2 - 0,324 vol.-%.
Tests regarding radio activity gave an emission of 200 nSV/h ( sample from the Abraxas Archive ).
Reference: Duesseldorf airport/Germany ( 65,000 m² ); Stuttgart airport/Germany (25,000m²)
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone.

The National Standard of the Peoples Republic of China: GB/T 17670; "Unified Katalogue For Natural Stone" became effective at 01-08-99. Buying natural stones in the P.R. of China directely, you should use the codes of this standard only. In the "Synonyms" field of this database you will find these codes with the annotation (according to GB/T 17670).

Location China (Jinjiang/Nan An/Fujian province)
Synonyms A 003, Ba Cuo Bai, Bacuo White, Balma Grey, Barry White, Baso White, Bianco Amoy, Bianco Cordo, Bianco Crystal, Bianco Gamma, Bianco Gordo, Blanco Gamma, China Cristall, China Grey, China Sardinia, Cristal, Crystal Grey, G3503 (according to GB/T 17670), Galaxy, Gamma 603, Gamma Bianco, Gamma White, Grey, HA2, Ice Cristal, Ice Cristall, Jinjiang Bacuo Bai, Jinjiang Bacuo White, Jinjiang G 603, Jinjiang White, Kristall Grau, KS-W-04, Light Gray, Light Grey, Monte Bianco, Mountain White, NDG 051, Padang 603, Padang Cristal, Padang Cristal Grey, Padang Cristall, Padang Cristallo, Padang Cristallo TG - 34, Padang Crystal, Padang G 603, Padang Grey, Padang Kristall, Padang Kristall G 603, Padang Light Grey, Padang TG 34, Padang White, Palace Grau, Palace Grey, Palladio Cristal, Perla White, QSN22, Quan Zhou White, Royal White, Sardinia White, Sesame Gray, Sesame White, Sezuan Weiss, Sezuan White, Silberstar, St. Andrews Grey, Stone Grey, TG 34, WG003, White Beauty
Suppliers

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Name
G 623
Information A medium-grained, grey-pink granite of the Precambrian period.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,63 - 2,69 kg/dm³, bending strength: 14,5 - 18 N/mm², compression breaking load: 130,1 - 190 N/mm², water absorption: 0,2 vol.-%.
Tests regarding radio activity gave an emission of 190 nSV/h ( sample from the Abraxas Archive ).
Uses: Ornamental stone.

The National Standard of the Peoples Republic of China: GB/T 17670; "Unified Katalogue For Natural Stone" became effective at 01-08-99. Buying natural stones in the P.R. of China directely, you should use the codes of this standard only. In the "Synonyms" field of this database you will find these codes with the annotation (according to GB/T 17670).

Location China (Haicang/Fujian province)
Synonyms A 023, Barry White, Bianco China, Bianco Sardo (A), China Sardo, Counter White, ES Bianco, G3523 (according to GB/T 17670), Gamma Grey, Grigio Sardo, HA5, Haicang Bai, Haicang White, Hai Chang White, KS-W-07, Moon Pearl, Padang Beta, Padang New Rosa, Padang White, QSN21, Rosa Beta, Rosa Grey, Rose Beta, Sesame Light, Silvery Gray, Silvery Grey, Silvery Rose, Snow Grey, Stone Rose, WG023, White Flower
Suppliers

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Name
G 633
Information

A fine-grained, medium grey biotite granodiorite of the Precambrian period.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,63 kg/dm³, bending strength: 15,3 N/mm², compression breaking load: 117,6 N/mm², water absorption: 0,355 ?(weight)-%.
Tests regarding radio activity gave an emission of 210 nSV/h ( sample from the Abraxas Archive ).
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone.
Obviously there are lots of quarries. There are some types of G 633, different in colour. There are lighter and darker types.

The National Standard of the Peoples Republic of China: GB/T 17670; "Unified Katalogue For Natural Stone" became effective at 01-08-99. Buying natural stones in the P.R. of China directely, you should use the codes of this standard only. In the "Synonyms" field of this database you will find these codes with the annotation (according to GB/T 17670).

Location China (Jinjiang/Fujian province)
Synonyms A 033, Bally White, Barrie Grey, Barry Grey, Fun White, G3533 (according to GB/T 17670), Jinjiang Neicuo Bai, Light Grey, NDG 035, Navy Mist, Nei Cuo Bai, Nei Cuo White, Neicuo Bai, Padang, Padang Chiaro, Padang G 633, Padang Grey, Padang Hell, Padang Light, Padanga Hell, Padeng, Panda White, PS 8034, QSN17, Salt + Pepper, Sesame Grey, Sesame White, Silvery Grey, White Neicuo Jinjiang., WG033
Suppliers

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Name
G 654
Information A fine-grained, dark grey quartzdiorite of the Precambrian period.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,63kg/dm³, bending strength: 15,3 - 17,8 N/mm², compression breaking load: 174,8 N/mm², water absorption: 0,185 - 0,355 ?(weight)-%.
Tests regarding radio activity gave an emission of 250 nSV/h ( sample from the Abraxas Archive ).
Mean ultimate loads for FZP-Anchor (Type M8W, drillhole depth hv = 15 mm): tensile load: 11,0 kN (according to test results of the test laboratory at the Fischerwerke)
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone, s.a. Padang Dunkelgrau TG - 36.
Obviously there are lots of quarries in the region, the spectrum of the granites dealed under the name G 654 is very wide. There are several types, different in grain and colour. We suppose there are G 654 granites are on the market, which does not came from the original deposit.

The National Standard of the Peoples Republic of China: GB/T 17670; "Unified Katalogue For Natural Stone" became effective at 01-08-99. Buying natural stones in the P.R. of China directely, you should use the codes of this standard only. In the "Synonyms" field of this database you will find these codes with the annotation (according to GB/T 17670).

Location China (Changle/Fujian province)
Synonyms Changle, Changtaihei, China Impala, China Jasberg, China Nero Impala, D Grey, Dark Barry Grey, Dark Grey, Flake Grey, G3554 (according to GB/T 17670), Impala China, NDG 036, Nero Impala China, Neu Impala, Mundo Grau, New Impala, New Jasberg, Padang Dark, Padang Dunkel, Padang G 654, Padang Scuro, Padanga Dunkel, Palladio Light, Pandang Dark, Pandang Dunkel, Peppercon, Pepperino Dark, Pingnan Zhima Hei, QSN07, Sesame Black, Sesame Grey, Shangai Grey, Snow Flake Grey, TG 36
Suppliers

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Name
G 682
Information A medium-grained, yellow to pink granite.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,57 - 2,67 kg/dm³, bending strength: 11,25 - 16,2 N/mm², compression breaking load: 114,7 - 160 N/mm², water absorption: 0,499 ?(weight)-%.
Tests regarding radio activity gave an emission of 200 nSV/h ( sample from the Abraxas Archive ).
Mean ultimate loads for FZP-Anchor (Type M8W, drillhole depth hv = 15 mm): tensile load: 8,1 kN (according to test results of the test laboratory at the Fischerwerke).
Mean ultimate loads for FZP-Anchor (Type M6, drillhole depth hv = 12 mm): tensile load: 4,3 kN (according to test results of the test laboratory at the Fischerwerke)
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone.

Obviously there are lots of quarries in the region. The G 682 is different in colour, from pale yellow to darker yellow or with a touch of pink too.

The National Standard of the Peoples Republic of China: GB/T 17670; "Unified Katalogue For Natural Stone" became effective at 01-08-99. Buying natural stones in the P.R. of China directely, you should use the codes of this standard only. In the "Synonyms" field of this database you will find these codes with the annotation (according to GB/T 17670).

Location China (Shijing/Fujian province)
Synonyms Dawa Yellow, G1682, G3582 (according to GB/T 17670), Desert Gold, Giallo Fantasia, Giallo Ming, Giallo Padang, Giallo Padang TG 39, Giallo Rustic, Giallo Veneziano, Giallo Yellow, Gold Leaf, Golden Cristal, Golden Crystal, Golden Leaf, Golden Peach, Golden Sand, Golden Yellow, Granit Ming Yellow, Gsg682, HA17, HSG 682, Juperana Royal, Light Golden Sand, Ming Yellow, NDG 050, Padang Amarillo, Padang Gelb, Padang Giallo, Padang Giallo TG - 39, Padang Rost, Padang Yellow, QSN10, Rust, Rust Beauty, Rust Stone, Rust Yellow, Rustic Stone, Rustic Yello, Rustic Yellow, Rusty Yellow, Shijing, Shijing Xiushi, Stone Yellow, Sunset Gold, Tan Sand, Tan Yellow, WG082, Yellow Rusty, Yellow Sand, Yellow Star, TG 39
Suppliers

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Name
G 684
Information A black basalt or gabbro.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,69 kg/dm³, bending strength: 24,90 N/mm², compression breaking load: 203,20 N/mm².
Tests regarding radio activity gave an emission of 130 nSV/h ( sample from the Abraxas Archive ).
Mean ultimate loads for FZP-Anchor (Type M6, drillhole depth hv = 12 mm): tensile load: 7,7 kN (according to test results of the test laboratory at the Fischerwerke)
Reference: Duesseldorf airport/Germany (flooring).
Uses: Ornamental stone, available are medium-sized blocks and slabs only.

The National Standard of the Peoples Republic of China: GB/T 17670; "Unified Katalogue For Natural Stone" became effective at 01-08-99. Buying natural stones in the P.R. of China directely, you should use the codes of this standard only. In the "Synonyms" field of this database you will find these codes with the annotation (according to GB/T 17670).

This stone internationally may be nominated as a granite. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as basalt or gabbro because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location China (Fuding/Fujian province)
Synonyms Absolute Black, Beauty Black, Black Basalt, Black Beauty, Black on Black, Black Pearl, Black Rain, China Black, Diamond Black, Dirty Black, ER 381, Fudin Black, Fuding Black, Fuding Hei, Fujian Black, Funding Black, G3518 (according to GB/T 17670), G 139, G 3518, Padang 684, Padang Black, Padang Green, Padang Gruen, Padang Nero, Padang Schwarz, Padanga Green, Palladio Dark, Panda Black, Pearl Black, QSN14, Schwarzer Basalt, Twilight
Suppliers

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Name
Galala
Information A yellow-beige limestone with fossil fragments ( nummulites ).
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a marble. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as limestone because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location Egypt
Synonyms Galalah, Gallala, Glala, Royal Beige
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Name
Giallo Veneziano
Information A medium- to coarse-grained, ochre-yellow to golden-brown, also light pink gneiss ( pegmatitic orthogneiss ) of the Precambrian period, with biotite and garnet, Italian "giallo" = yellow.
Mineral distribution on the average: microperthitic microcline: 45%, quartz: 30%, oligoclase: 16%, biotite: 5%, accessories: 4%.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density according to ABNT NBR 12.766: 2,629 kg/dm³, bending strength according to ABNT NBR 12.763: 17,79 N/mm², compression breaking load according to ABNT NBR 12.767: 117,10 N/mm², abrasion resistance according to ABNT NBR 12.042 (Amsler): 0,95 mm, water absorption according to ABNT NBR 12.766: 0,32%, frost resistant, polish constant.
Uses: Building stone, ornamental stone.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a granite. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as gneiss because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location Brazil (quarry RN 000232/Zona di Pipinuque/Corrego de Agua Preta/Nova Venecia/Espirito Santo)
Synonyms Amarello Veneciano, Amarelo Venecia, Amarelo Veneciano, Amarelo Veneziano, Giallo Venecciano, Giallo Venecia, Giallo Veneciano, Giallo Venetano, Giallo Venetiano, Giallo Venezia, Giallo Veniziano, Gialo Veneziano, Golden Venecia, Juparana Venecia, Juparana Venezia, Juperana Venezia, Korall Gelb, Venecia Amarelo, Venetian Gold, Venezia Amarelo, Yellow Venezia
Suppliers

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Name
Gris Quintana
Information Commercial name (according to European Standard EN 12440 addendum A) for a medium-grained, constant light grey granite ( granodiorite ) of the Carboniferous period, Spanish "gris" = grey.
Essentials: quartz, orthoclase, plagioclase, biotite; secondary minerals resp. accessories: apatite, zircone, titanite, chlorite, mafite.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,66 kg/dm³, bending strength: 10 - 10,2 N/mm², compression breaking load: 138 N/mm², water absorption: 0,25 weight-%, frost resistant, polish constant.
Tests regarding radio activity gave an emission of 170 nSV/h ( sample from the Abraxas Archive ).
References: Gran Via/Bilbao/Spain; Avenida del Paralelo/Barcelona/Spain; Plaza de Sta. Teresa/Avila/Spain.
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone.
Location Spain (Quintana la Serena/Badajoz/Extremadura)
Synonyms Blanco Sisan, Quintana
Suppliers

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Name
Himalaya
Information A grey-black migmatite of the Precambrian period, with pink to pink-grey decoration.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,685 kg/dm³, bending strength: 17,85 N/mm², compression breaking load: 220,73 N/mm², water absorption: 0,14 weight-%.
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a granite. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as migmatite because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

The spread of texture of Himalaya Blue is very wide. A small sample is mostly not representative. To get an impression, pictures of large slabs or of finished projects should be presented to the customer.

Location India (Koppal, Kuknur/Karnataka/West- and Eastghats)
Synonyms Himalaya Blue, Himalaian Blue, Himalaya Blau, Himalayan Blue, Himilayan Blue, Hymalaian Blue, Hymalaya Blue
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Name
Impala
Information A dark grey gabbro / norite of the Precambrian period.
Essentials: Feldspar, pyroxene, hornblende, quartz, predominant are dark minerals.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,84 - 2,99 kg/dm³, bending strength: 21,58 - 26,2 N/mm², compression breaking load: 220,70 - 259,97 N/mm², water absorption: 0,08 - 0,32 weight-%, frost resistant.
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone since about 1945.
Tests regarding radio activity gave an emission of 160 nSV/h ( sample from the Abraxas Archive ).
Mean ultimate loads for FZP-Anchor (Type M8W, drillhole depth hv = 15 mm): tensile load: 13,6 kN (according to test results of the test laboratory at the Fischerwerke)
Reference: Haus Sommer, Pariser Platz 1 at Berlin/Germany.
There are several quarries in the Bosspruit region, available are the sorts Impala Light + Impala Medium + Impala Dark.
There are recently some floorings of Impala, loosing the polish within a very short time. That's why it's advisible to use only honed tiles for flooring.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a granite. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as gabbro / norite because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location South Africa (the Bosspruit region/Rustenburg/Northwest)
Synonyms Africa Impala, Africa Rustemberg, African Impala, Afrika Schwarz, Black Impala, Diorit Impala, Eagle Black, Granit Impala, Impala Black, Impala Gabbro, Impala Granit, Impala KM, Impala Negro, Impala Nero, Impala Schwarz, Impala-Granit, Jasberg, Maricana, Marikana, Marikana Black, Negro Impala, Negro Rustemberg, Negro Rustemburg, Negro Rustenberg, Negro Sudafrica, Nero Africa, Nero Africa Impala, Nero Afrika, Nero Afrika Impala, Nero Impala, Nero Impala Africa, Nero Impala Afrika, Nero Rustemberg, Noir Afrique, Preto Impala, Preto SK, Rustemberg, Rustemberg Black, Rustemburg, Rustenberg, Rustenberg Grey, Rustenberg Impala, Rustenburg, Rustenburg Grey, Rustenburg Impala
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Name
Imperial White
Information A white, partly light pink gneiss of the Precambrian period, frost resistant, polish constant.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,58 - 2,72 kg/dm³, bending strength: 6,0 - 11,4 N/mm², compression breaking load: 149,9 - 189,3 N/mm², abrasion resistance: 1,31 mm, water absorption: 0,40 - 0,44 weight-%.
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone.
Obviously there are several quarries in this region, the spread of colour and texture is quite wide.
Location India (Edapadi/Salem/Eastghats/West- and Eastghats, Tippu/Chennai, the former Madras/Tamil Nadu)
Synonyms Bianco Imperial White, Irish Cream, Juparana Avorio, Tippo White, Tippu White, Tipu White
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Name
Jacaranda
Information A red migmatite of the Precambrian period.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,39 - 2,70 kg/dm³, bending strength: 12,95 - 21 N/mm², compression breaking load: 274 - 256 N/mm², water absorption: 0,22 - 0,35 weight-%, frost resistant, polish constant.
Uses: Ornamental stone.
Jacaranda is very similar or identical with Cobra.

The spread of texture of Jacaranda is very wide. A small sample is mostly not representative. To get an impression, pictures of large slabs or of finished projects should be presented to the customer.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a granite. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as migmatite because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location Brazil (the Campo Belo region/Minas Gerais)
Synonyms Cobra Red, Jacaranda Cobra, Jacaranda Red, Jakaranda, Jaquaranda, Red Jacaranda, Vermelho Jacaranda
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Name
Jerusalem Stone
Information A pale yellow limestone of Cenozoic age.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,627 kg/dm³, bending strength: 7,85 N/mm², compression breaking load: 76,42 N/mm².
Reference: The antique temple of Jerusalem/Israel.
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone.
There are several sorts and trade names, s. Antique Gold + Desert Gold + Desert Gray + Hebron Bone + Jerusalem Gold + Yatta Pink.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a marble. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as limestone because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location Israel (Jerusalen region)
Synonyms Gerusalem Stone, Jerusalem, Jerusalem Limestone, Jerusalem Stein, Jeruzalem Stone, Jerusalemstein, Jerusalemstone, Limestone Gerusalemme, Stone of Jerusalem
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Name
Juparana Colombo
Information An ochre-yellow, yellowish-brown or pink-yellow migmatitic gneiss of the Precambrian period.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,562 - 2,646 kg/dm³, bending strength: 11,77 - 14,91 N/mm², compression breaking load: 157,9 - 160,9 ?(233) N/mm², water absorption: 0,18 - 0,32 weight-%.
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a granite. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as gneiss because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

The spread of texture of Juparana Colombo is very wide. A small sample is mostly not representative. To get an impression, pictures of large slabs or of finished projects should be presented to the customer.

Location India (Managparai, Togalmalai/Tamil Nadu/West- and Eastghats); other authorities say: Sri Lanka (Homagama)
Synonyms Colombo Jubarana, Colombo Juparana, Colombo Juparna, Colombo Juperana, Colombo Juprana, Jup Colombo, Juparan Colombo, Juparana Columbo, Juparane Colombo, Juparana Columbo, Juparna Colombo, Juperana-Colombo, Juperana Colombo, Juprana Colombo, Mauve Juparana
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Name
Jura Gelb
Information A brown-beige limestone of the Jurassic period ( Malm ), with white spots, belongs to the Jura Marmor.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,61 kg/dm³, bending strength: 13,8 - 14,1 N/mm², compression breaking load: 146 N/mm², water absorption: 1,1 weight-%, abrasion resistance: 21,6 cm³/50 cm² (according to Boehme), polish constant only inside.
Mean ultimate loads for FZP-Anchor (Type M8W, drillhole depth hv = 15 mm): tensile load: 6,5 kN, shear load: 10,1 kN (according to test results of the test laboratory at the Fischerwerke)
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone.
Available are two sorts: Jura Gelb Gebaendert + Jura Gelb Gebluemt.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a marble. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as limestone because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location Germany (Pappenheim, Solnhofen, Treuchtlingen, Gundelsheim, Weissenburg, Moehre/Mittelfranken)
Synonyms Deutsch Gelb, Gold Limestone, Hampton Beige, Juragelb, Jura Beige, Jura Deutschgelb, Jura Geel, Jura Giallo, Jura Yellow, Jura-Gelb, Lotos, Pietra del Giura Gialla, Teuchtlinger Marmor, Treuchtlinger Kalkstein, Treuchtlinger Marmor
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Name
Jura Grau
Information A grey limestone of the Jurassic period, belongs to the Jura Marmor.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,60 kg/dm³, bending strength: 13,8 - 17 N/mm², compression breaking load: 146 - 158 N/mm², water absorption: 0,44 weight-%, abrasion resistance: 21,6 cm³/50 cm² (according to Boehme), restricted frost resistant, polish constant only inside.
Tests regarding radio activity gave an emission of 190 nSV/h ( sample from the Abraxas Archive ).
Reference: Colosseo at Frankfurt/Hessen/Germany (flooring).
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone.


This stone internationally may be nominated as a marble. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as limestone because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.
Location Germany (Pappenheim, Solnhofen, Treuchtlingen, Gundelsheim, Weissenburg, Moehre/Mittelfranken)
Synonyms Blue Limestone, Giura Blue Gray, Hampton Gray, Jura Blauw, Jura Blue Grey, Jura Grau Gebluemt, Jura Grau Blau, Jura Graublau, Jura Graublau Dunkel, Jura Graublau Hell, Jura Gray, Jura Grey, Jura Grey/Blue, Jura Grigio, Jura Grijs, Jura Grijsblauw, Teuchtlinger Marmor, Treuchtlinger Kalkstein, Treuchtlinger Marmor
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Name
Kashmir Gold
Information A yellow-brown granulite with some single, brown-red garnets.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,621 kg/dm³, bending strength: 15,30 N/mm², compression breaking load: 204,24 N/mm², water absorption: 0,45 %.
Tests regarding radio activity gave an emission of 180 nSV/h ( sample from the Abraxas Archive ).
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone.
Available are a dark and a light type too, see Kashmir Gold Chiaro + Kashmir Gold Scuro.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a granite. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as granulite because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location India
Synonyms Cachmere Gold, Cachmere Golden, Cashmere Gold, Cashmir Gold, Gold Cachemire, Kashmir Gold, Kashmire Gold, Kasmir Gold
Suppliers

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Name
Kashmir White
Information A fine- to medium-grained, dark white to light grey, migmatitic granulite of the Precambrian period, with blackberry-coloured garnets.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,47 -2,70 kg/dm³, bending strength: 10,3 - 13,44 N/mm², compression breaking load: 174,6 - 202 ?(281,2) N/mm², abrasion resistance: 1,15 mm, water absorption: 0,33 - 0,46 weight-%, frost resistant, polish constant.
Mean ultimate loads for FZP-Anchor (Type M6, drillhole depth hv = 12 mm): tensile load: 4,3 kN (according to test results of the test laboratory at the Fischerwerke).
Uses: Ornamental stone and for decorative craft objects.
The spread of texture and color of Kashmir White is very wide, obviously there are several quarries in the region.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a granite. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as granulite because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location
India (Melur/MaduraiTamil Nadu)
Synonyms Bianco Kashmere White, Bianco Kashmir White, Cachemire, Cachemire White, Cashemire White, Cashmeere White, Cashmere White, Cashmir White, Cashmire White, Casmire White, Kaishmir White, Kaschmire White, Kashimir White, Kashmere White, Kashmir Weiss, Kashmire White, Kasmir White, Kasmiere White, WG204, White Kashmir, White Kasmir
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Name
Kinawa
Information A salmon-red migmatite of the Precambrian period, with small, grey, folded bands.
Mineral distribution on the average in vol.-%: Quartz: 35, plagioclase: 40, microcline: 20, biotite: 4, + accessories.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,614 - 2,64 kg/dm³, bending strength: 17 - 22,27 N/mm², compression breaking load: 169,42 - 194,4 N/mm², water absorption: 0,09 - 0,14 weight-%, frost resistant, polish constant.
Tests regarding radio activity gave an emission of 170 nSV/h ( sample from the Abraxas Archive ).
Reference: Celtis-Haus/Nuernberg/Bayern/Germany
Uses: Ornamental stone, available since about 1987.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a granite. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as migmatite because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

The spread of texture of migmatites is very wide. A small sample is mostly not representative. To get an impression, pictures of large slabs or of finished projects should be presented to the customer

Location Brazil (Fazenda Casa Nova/Ruy Barbosa/Bahia/Nordeste)
Synonyms China Juparana, Oceano, Juparana China, Juparana Cina, Kinava, Kinawa Classic, Kinawa Classical, Kinawa Classico, Kinawa Granit, Kinawa Rosa, Kinawa Rose
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Name
Kuru Grey
Information Commercial name (according to European Standard EN 12440 addendum A) for a fine-grained, medium grey granite of the Precambrian period.
Mineral distribution on the average: orthoclase: 36%, quartz: 35%, plagioclase: 21%, accessories: 8%.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,660 kg/dm³, bending strength: 24,5 - 25 N/mm², compression breaking load: 294 - 300 N/mm², water absorption: 0,11 weight-%, frost resistant, polish constant.
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone.
Exploitation since the beginning of the 20th century.
Location Finland (Niemenkylae, Kuru, Tampere, Kapee)
Synonyms Kuru, Kuru Gra, Kuru Grau, Kuru Gray, Kurun Harmaa, Tampere
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Name
Lavanda Blue
Information A light blue orthogneiss of the Precambrian period, partly with red garnets, black mica, cordierite too.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,635 - 2,72 kg/dm³, bending strength: 11,77 - 12,16 N/mm², compression breaking load: 182,96 - 188,4 N/mm², water absorption: 0,16 - 0,20 weight-%, rost resistant, polish constant.
Mean ultimate loads for FZP-Anchor (Type M8, drillhole depth hv = 15 mm): tensile load: 9,6 kN (according to test results of the test laboratory at the Fischerwerke).
Tests regarding radio activity gave an emission of 240 nSV/h ( sample from the Abraxas Archive ).
Uses: Ornamental stone.
Obviously there are several quarries, there is a spread of colour and texture, s.a. Lavanda Dark + Lavanda Light.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a granite. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as gneiss because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location India (Palli/Brahmapur/Orissa)
Synonyms Bengalblue, Bengal Blue, Blue Orissa, Blue Orissa India, Blue Orizza, Lanvanda Blue, Lavande Blue, Lavander Blue, Lavendar Blue, Lavender Blue, Lavendula Blue, Lawender Blue, Orissa, Orissa Blu, Orissa Blue, Orissablue, Orissan Blue, Samanta Blue, Samantha Blu, Samantha Blue
Suppliers

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Name
Marron Emperador
Information Commercial name (according to European Standard EN 12440 addendum A) for a dark brown limestone breccia with small calcite veins, Spanish "marron" = brown. CaO: 40,8%, MgO: 12,6%, quartz: 0,32%.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,65 kg/dm³, compression breaking load: 156,67 N/mm², water absorption: 0,4 vol.-%.
Tests regarding radio activity gave an emission of 180 nSV/h ( sample from the Abraxas Archive ).
Uses: Ornamental stone.
Because having a tendency to break, the random slabs are often strenghtened with glass fibre-armed resin.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a marble. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as limestone because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location Spain (Villena/Alicante/Valencia) ?(Bunol)
Synonyms Brown Emperador, Emperador Braun, Emperador Marron, Marrom Emperador, Marron Emperador Macael
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Name
Moca Creme
Information Commercial name (according to European Standard EN 12440 addendum A) for a brown-beige limestone of the Jurassic period, with fossils (shell fragments), Portuguese "creme" = cream.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,433 kg/dm³, bending strength: 17,3 N/mm², compression breaking load: 74,6 - 78,1 N/mm², water absorption: 3,6 %, polish constant only inside.
Reference: Gerling-Ring-Karree, Koeln/Germany (flooring 2,000 m², architect Sir Norman Foster).
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone.
There a three sorts with different grain size ( Moca Crema Grao Fino + Moca Crema Grao Grosso + Moca Crema Grao Medio ).

This stone internationally may be nominated as a marble. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as limestone because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location Portugal (Alcanede/Santarem/Santarem); other authorities say Porto de Mos/Leiria
Synonyms Classic Cream, Creme Mocca, Creme Mokka, Limestone Mocca Creme, Limestone Moka Creme, Mocca Cream, Mocca Creme, Moca Cream, Moca Crem, Moca Crema, Mocha Cream, Mocha Crema, Mocha Creme, Moka Cream, Moka Cream Limestone, Moka Creme
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Name
Mondariz
Information Commercial name (according to European Standard EN 12440 addendum A) for a medium- to coarse-grained, grey-pink biotite granite of the Carboniferous period, partly with xenolites.
Essentials: quartz, microcline, oligoclase, biotite; secondary minerals resp. accessories: titanite, apatite, zircone, chlorite, sericite, mafite.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,64 kg/dm³, bending strength: 15,00 N/mm², compression breaking load: 108,00 N/mm², water absorption: 0,30 weight-%, abrasion resistance: 8,8 cm³/50 cm² (according to Boehme), frost resistant, polish constant.
Mean ultimate loads for FZP-Anchor (Type M8, drillhole depth hv = 15 mm): tensile load: 8,2 kN (according to test results of the test laboratory at the Fischerwerke).
Uses: Ornamental stone in- and outside, s.a. Gris Mondariz + Rosa Mondariz
Reference: Two Prudential Plaza/Chicago/IL/USA.

There are several quarries in the Mondariz and Salvatierra region and several commercial names, the colour of the feldspar is a little different (pink or with a touch of brown).
s.a. Gris Mondariz ( feldspar with a touch of brown ) + Rosa Mondariz + Rosa Salmao ( pink feldspar )

Location Spain (Mondariz and Salvatierra region/Provincia de Pontevedra/Galicia - near the border to Portugal - )
Synonyms Granito No. 3, C. Julia, Crem Julia, Crema Julia, Mondaritz, Mondariz Graniet
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Name
Multicolor Red
Information A red-grey-brown migmatite of the Precambrian period.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,600 - 2,720 kg/dm³, bending strength: 16,08 - 18,05 N/mm², compression breaking load: 147 - 240,34 N/mm², water absorption: 0,22 - 0,35 weight-%.
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a granite. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as migmatite because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

The spread of texture of Multicolor Red is very wide. A small sample is mostly not representative. To get an impression, pictures of large slabs or of finished projects should be presented to the customer.

Location India (Kanakapura/Bangalore/Karnataka)
Synonyms Cardinal, GA 413, India Red, India-Rot, Indian Multicolor, Indian Red, Multi Colour Red, Multi-Colour Red, Multicolor, Multicolor Indiano Rosso, Multicolor Rood, Multicolor Rosso, Multicolor Rot, Multicolor Rot India, Multicolour, Multicolour Red, Multicoulor Rot, Multy-Colour Rot, Red Multi, Red Mulri Color, Red Multicolor, Red Multicolour, Rojo Multicolor, Rosso India, Rosso Multicolor, Rouge Multicolor, WG205
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Name
Negro Marquina
Information Commercial name (according to European Standard EN 12440 addendum A) for a black limestone of the Carboniferous period, with white calcite veins and fossil fragments ( rudistes and corals ), Spanish "negro" = black. CaO: 53,90%, quartz: 0,01%.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,680 - 2,710 kg/dm³, bending strength: 13,44 - 13,93 N/mm², compression breaking load: ?(50,2 - 61,7) 111,83 - 115,76 N/mm², water absorption: 0,17 - 0,22 weight-%, frost resistant, polish constant only inside.
Uses: Ornamental stone inside, low hardness, it's not advisible to use polished tiles for flooring.
Because having a tendency to break, the random slabs are often strenghtened with glass fibre-armed resin.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a marble. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as limestone because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location Spain (Aulestia, Marquina/Markina/Vizcaya/Pais Vasco)
Synonyms Black Markina, Black Marquina, Black Marquinia, Marquina, Marquinia, Marquinia Marble, Negro Bilbao, Negro Markina, Negro Marqina, Negro Marquino, Nero Bilbao, Nero Maraquina, Nero Marqina, Nero Marquina, Nero Marquina Venato, Nero Marquine, Nero Marquinia, Noir Marquina, Prete Marquinia, Preto Marquina, Spanisch Schwarz, Spanish Black
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Name
Nero Assoluto Zimbabwe
Information A fine-grained, black gabbro / norite, Italian "nero assoluto" = absolutely black.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,995 - 3,090 kg/dm³, bending strength: 23,50 - 29 N/mm², compression breaking load: 240,00 - 252,41 ?(428) N/mm², water absorption: 0,12 - 0,16 weight-%.
Mean ultimate loads for FZP-Anchor (Type M8, drillhole depth hv = 15 mm): tensile load: 18,7 kN (according to test results of the test laboratory at the Fischerwerke).
Reference: Gramercy Plaza/Torrence/CA/USA.
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone, available since 1971.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a granite. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as gabbro / norite because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location Zimbabwe (Mashonoland)
Synonyms Absolute Black Zimbabwe, Black Zimbabwe, Negro Zimbabwe, Nero Assoluto Z, Nero Zimbabwe, Noir Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe Black, Zimbabwe-Black
Suppliers

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Name
Papagaios Black
Information

A black-grey slate, polishing possible.
Mineral distribution on the average: chlorite + illite: 53%, quartz + feldspar: 25%, calcite: 15%, sulfit + carboneous matter: 5%, muscovite: 2%.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density according to ABNT NBR 12.766: 2,746 kg/dm³, bending strength according to ABNT NBR 12.763: 42,57 N/mm², abrasion resistance according to ABNT NBR 12.042 (Amsler): 3,50 mm, water absorption according to ABNT NBR 12.766: 0,25%.
Mean ultimate loads for FZP-Anchor (Type M8, drillhole depth hv = 15 mm): tensile load: 6,3 kN (according to test results of the test laboratory at the Fischerwerke; test of Mustang slate)
Uses: Ornamental stone, for facing and flooring.

Used as flooring, sensitivity against scatching is typical for slate. In course of time develops, by the assambling of old and new scratching, the homogeneous, slate-typical surface.

Location Brazil (quarry RN 000277, RN000282, RN000286, RN 000291, RN 000292, RN 000297, RN 000302, RN 000307, RN 000311, RN 000316/Serra da Boa Vista/Papagaios/Minas Gerais)
Synonyms Ardesia, Ardosia Preta, Ardosia Preta TP, Black Cleft, Black Panther, Black Slate, Black Slate Mustang, Greyhound Black, Greyhound-Black, Montauk Black, Mustag, Mustang Black, Mustang Schiefer, Mustang Schwarz, Mustang Slate, Mustang-Schiefer, Mustangschiefer, Panter Black, Panther Black
Suppliers

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Name
Paradiso
Information A purple-brown migmatite of the Precambrian period.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,642 kg/dm³, bending strength: 10 - 12 N/mm², compression breaking load: 150 - 185 N/mm², frost resistant, polish constant.
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone.
Available are two sorts: Paradiso Bash + Paradiso Classico.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a granite. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as migmatite because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

The spread of texture of Paradiso is very wide. A small sample is mostly not representative. To get an impression, pictures of large slabs or of finished projects should be presented to the customer.

Location India (Uthangere/Krishnagiri/Eastghats/Tamil Nadu/West- and Eastghats)
Synonyms Paradisio, Paradiso Purple, Paradisso, Pradiso, WG207
Suppliers

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Name
Perlato Sicilia
Information A beige limestone of the Eocene period ( other authorities say Cretaceous ), with brown stylolitic veins, Italian "perlato" = pearly.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,69 kg/dm³, bending strength: 13,6 N/mm², compression breaking load: 196,4 - 204,8 N/mm², water absorption: 0,25 weight-%, abrasion resistance: 0,57 mm (according to Amsler), not frost resistant, polish constant only inside.
Reference: Al Fulaii Al Quarain Housing Project/Kuwait.
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone.
Perlato Sicilia is Sicily's most important construction stone, at time (2004) there are about 200 quarries of nearly 50 companies.
There is Perlatino Sicilia too, with a finer texture.

The European Standard: EN 12440 "Natural stone - Denomination criteria" became effective at 2000, September 30th. In the "Synonyms" field of this database you will find the trade names of addendum A with the annotation (according to EN 12440, addendum A).

This stone internationally may be nominated as a marble. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as limestone because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location Italy (Custonaci/Erice/Trapani/Sicilia)
Synonyms Creme Perla, Dolcetto Perlato, Pearl Beige, Perlato d'Italia, Perlato di Sicilia (according to EN 12440, addendum A), Perlato Fiorito, Perlatto di Sicilia, Perlatto Sicilia
Suppliers

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Name
Petit Granit
Information Commercial name (according to European Standard EN 12440 addendum A) for a compact, grey to black crinoidal limestone of the Carboniferous period, with little, white fossil fragments, ( crinoids ), French "petit" = little. Calcite: 88 - 99 %.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,689 kg/dm³, bending strength: 12,7 N/mm², compression breaking load: 129,2 N/mm², water absorption: 0,31 vol.-%, abrasion resistance: 3,16 mm/100m, frost resistant, polish constant only inside.
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone and for decorative craft objects, s.a. Ecaussinnes.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a marble. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as limestone because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location Belgium (the Ecaussinnes-Soignies region; the Liege region/Luettich-Dianant)
Synonyms Belgian Fossil, Belgian Hardstone, Belgisch Blau, Belgisch Granit, Belgisch Haardsteen, Belgisch Hardsteen, Belgisch Granit, Belgischer Granit, Belgischer Hartstein, Belgium Blue Limestone, Belgium Hardstone, Blaustein aus Belgien, Blaustein aus dem Hennegau, Blauwe Hardsteen, Granit-Belge, Granit Belge, Granit de Flandres, Henegouwse Blausteen, Kalkstein Belgisch Granit, Kalkstein Petit Granit, Petit Granit Belge, Petit Granite, Petit-Granit, Schwarzer Belgischer Granit
Supplers

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Name
Piedra Bateig
Information A yellowish to grey limestone ( partly grading to sandstone ) of the Cretaceous period, Spanish "piedra" = stone.
Caused by a higher content of quartz clasts some types of Piedra Bateig are possible grading to sandstone.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,5 kg/dm³, bending strength: 7 N/mm², compression breaking load: 18 N/mm², water absorption: 5,6 weight-%, frost resistant, polishing not possible.
References: Kathedral La Almueda/Madrid/Spain; Nolleturm/Berlin/Germany
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone.
Available are several sorts: Bateig Azul + Bateig Blanca + Bateig Llano, see also Piedra Bateig Rojo.
Location Spain (Elda/Alicante/Valencia)
Synonyms Bateig, Ibero Limestone, Piedra de Bateig, Piedra de Novelda, Piedra Elda, Piedra Novelda, Pietra Bateig, Pietra Elda
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Name
Porfido Trentino
Information Commercial name (according to European Standard EN 12440 addendum A) for a greenish, violet or dark red rhyolite ( commonly known as porphyry ), several varieties or sorts, Italian "porfido" = porphyry ( rhyolite ).
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,54 - 2,55, bending strength: 23,5 - 24,3 N/mm², compression breaking load: 274 - 280 N/mm², water absorption: 0,76 - 0,80 weight-%. abrasion resistance: 0,36 mm (according to Amsler), frost resistant, polish constant (but polish takes pain and is expensive).
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone, cube, steps, surface mostly natural split, also flammed.
Reference: Little church on the Monte Tamaro ( architect Mario Botta ).
Available are several sorts extracted out of a lots of quarries.
Location Italy (Albiano - mostly mixed colours - , Baselga di Pie, Camparta - dark red - , Capriana, Cembra, Fornace, Giovo, Lisignago, Lona Lases, Predazzo, St. Mauro de Pine - very thin slabs, natural split - /Provincia di Trento/European Alps/Trentino-Alto Adige)
Synonyms Porfido de Trentino, Porfido del Trentino, Porfido di Trento, Porfido Rosso, Porfido Val d'Adige, Porphyre Trentin, Rosso di Trento, Rosso Trento, Trentiner Porphyr, Trentino Porphyr, Trientinischer Porphyr
Suppliers

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Name
Porto
Information A blue-grey to black muscovite sericite slate of Paleozoic age.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,6 - 2,81 kg/dm³, bending strength: 49 -57,1 N/mm², compression breaking load: 48,5 - 64,4N/mm², water absorption: 0,45%, frost resistant.
Mean ultimate loads for FZP-Anchor (Type M8, drillhole depth hv = 15 mm): tensile load: 14,5 kN (according to test results of the test laboratory at the Fischerwerke)
Uses: Ornamental stone, for roofing and flooring, natural split and honed. Porto is one of the most manufactured slates worldwide.
Used as flooring, sensitivity against scatching is typical for slate. In course of time develops, by the assambling of old and new scratching, the homogeneous, slate-typical surface.

The European Standard: EN 12440 "Natural stone - Denomination criteria" became effective at 2000, September 30th. In the "Synonyms" field of this database you will find the trade names of addendum A with the annotation (according to EN 12440, addendum A).

Location Portugal (Valongo/Porto)
Synonyms Ardoise de Valongo, Ardoisia de Valongo, Ardosia de Valongo (according to EN 12440, addendum A), Lousa de Valongo (according to EN 12440, addendum A), Porto-Schiefer, Porto Schiefer, Portoschiefer, Portugese Leisteen, Portugiesischer Schiefer, Valongo, Valongo-Schiefer
Suppliers

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Name
Rojo Alicante
Information Commercial name (according to European Standard EN 12440 addendum A) for a fine-grained, yellow-red, brown-red to intensive red micritic limestone of the Eocene period ( other authorities say Jurassic ), with two generations of white calcite veins, Spanish "rojo" = red, CaO = 53,5%, quartz: 1,1%.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,70 - 2,71 kg/dm³, bending strength: 8,73 - 12,4 N/mm² compression breaking load: 84,0 - 94,67 N/mm², water absorption: 0,1 - 0,27 %, polish constant only inside. Because having a tendency to break, the random slabs are often strenghtened with glass fibre-armed resin.
Reference: 130, Bloor Street/Toronto/Ontario/Canada
Uses: Ornamental stone inside. In 2002 eight quarries were active.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a marble. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as limestone because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location Spain (Monovar, La Romana, Novelda/Alicante/Valencia)
Synonyms Alicante, Alicante Red, Alicante Rojo, Alicante Rosso, Red Alicante, Roggo Alicante, Rojo Alicante Classical, Rojo Alicata, Rojo Alicente, Rosa Alicante, Rosso Alicante, Rossoalicante, Roter Alicante, Rouge Alicante, Rouge Allicante
Suppliers

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Name
Rojo Altamira
Information A fine-grained, red granite of the Precambrian period, Spanish "rojo" = red.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,65 kg/dm³, bending strength: 18,050 - 18,4 N/mm², compression breaking load: 237,794 - 243 N/mm², water absorption: 0,17 vol-%, abrasion resistance: 3,4 mm (unknown test method), frost resistant, polish constant.
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone
Location Venezuela (Ciudad Guayana/Bolivar)
Synonyms Altamira, Rosso Altamira, Royo Altamira
Suppliers

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Name
Rosa Beta
Information Commercial name (according to European Standard EN 12440 addendum A) for a medium- to coarse-grained, grey-pink quartz monzonite of the Carboniferous period.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,63 - 2,65 kg/dm³, bending strength: 11,28 - 13,44 N/mm², compression breaking load: 139 - 191,59 N/mm², water absorption: 0,24 - 0,30 weight-%.
Mean ultimate loads for FZP-Anchor (Type M6, drillhole depth hv = 15 mm): tensile load: 8,1 kN (according to test results of the test laboratory at the Fischerwerke).
Reference: Three Cristina Center/Wilmington/Delaware/USA.
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone, one of Italy's most cheapest "granite".
Available are several sorts, see also Arzachena + Luogosanto.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a granite. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as quartz monzonite because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location Italy (Arzachena, Luogosanto, Tempio Pausania/Sassari/Sardegna)
Synonyms Beta Rosa, Rosa Betta, Rosa-Beta, Rosabeta, Rosa Sardegna Beta, Rosa Sardo B, Rosa Sardo Beta, Rose Beta, Rossa Beta
Suppliers

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Name
Rosa Perlino
Information A compact, light pink limestone of the Cretaceous period ( other authorities say Jurassic ), with stylolitic veins.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,69 - 2,71 kg/dm³, bending strength: 9,81 - 12,56 N/mm², compression breaking load: 128 - 185 N/mm², water absorption: 0,11 - 0,185 weight-%, abrasion resistance: 0,64 mm (unknown test method), ?(frost resistant), polish constant only inside.
Because having a tendency to break, the random slabs are often strenghtened with glass fibre-armed resin.
Reference: The Curtis Center/Philadelphia/Pennsilvania/USA.
Uses: Ornamental stone inside.

The European Standard: EN 12440 "Natural stone - Denomination criteria" became effective at 2000, September 30th. In the "Synonyms" field of this database you will find the trade names of addendum A with the annotation (according to EN 12440, addendum A).

This stone internationally may be nominated as a marble. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as limestone because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location Italy (Asiago, Conco, Valstagna/Provincia di Vicenza/Veneto)
Synonyms Perlino Rosa, Perlino Rosato, Rosa Asiago (according to EN 12440, addendum A), Rosato Perlino
Suppliers

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Name
Rosa Porrino
Information Commercial name (according to European Standard EN 12440 addendum A) for a medium- to coarse-grained, pink granite of the Carboniferous period.
Essentials: quartz, orthoclase, plagioclase; secondary minerals resp. accessories: zircone, apatite, biotite, sericite, chlorite.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,585 - 2,65 kg/dm³, bending strength: 11,67 - 15,60 N/mm², compression breaking load: 112,71 - 188,4 N/mm², abrasion resistance: 8,8 cm³/50 cm² (according to Boehme), water absorption: 0,19 vol.-%; 0,30 - 0,33 weight-%, frost resistant, polish constant.
References: Central European International Bank/Budapest/Hungary; Hapoalim Bank/Tel Aviv/Israel; Bahnhofsvorplatz/Salzburg/Austria ( 15.000 m²); Ministerium des Inneren/Berlin/Germany (10.000 m²); Fist interstate Center/Seattle- architect McKinsley PSC -.
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone in- and outside.
There are several sorts resp. trade names from several quarries, s.a. Rosa Porrino GL + Rosa Porrino M.
Location Spain (big quarry site besides the Highway A9 in Porrino/Provincia de Pontevedra/Galicia - near the border to Portugal - )
Synonyms Angelina, Granito No. 1, Pink Porino, Pink Porrino, Porinho, Porinno, Porino, Porrhino, Porrino, Rosa Angelina, Rosa Atlantico, Rosa Porina, Rosa Porinho, Rosa Porinio, Rosa Porinnho, Rosa Porrinho, Rosa Pottinho, Rose Porrino, Rosso Porinho, Rosso Porino, Rosso Porrino, Spanish Pink
Suppliers

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Name
Rosalia
Information A beige-brown to beige-pink limestone with red stylolitic veins and white calcite veins.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,70 kg/dm³, bending strength: 23,84 N/mm², compression breaking load: 83,29 N/mm², abrasion resistance: 17,5 cm³/50 cm² (according to Boehme), water absorption: 0,09 weight-%.
Tests regarding radio activity gave an emission of 160 nSV/h ( sample from the Abraxas Archive ).
Uses: Ornamental stone.
Available are the sorts Rosalia Light + Rosalia Dark + Rosalia Pink.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a marble. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as limestone because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location Turkey (Bilecik)
Synonyms Ararat, Ararat Rosa, Ararat Rosalia, Ararat Rose, Bilecik Rosalya, Crema Patricia, Marmor Ararat Rosa, Rosa Ararat, Rosalia Ararat, Rosalia Cream, Rosalya, Rosemary
Suppliers

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Name
Rosso Verona
Information Commercial name (according to European Standard EN 12440 addendum A) for a light- to dark red nodular limestone of the Jurassic period (Lias), with nodules and partly stylolitic veins. Italian "rosso" = red.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,69 - 2,72 kg/dm³, bending strength: 9,3 - 10,3 N/mm², compression breaking load: 150,2 - 160,8 N/mm², water absorption: 0,18 - 0,21 weight-%, abrasion resistance: 3 mm (according to Amsler); 0,60 mm (unknown test method), polish constant only inside.
Because having a tendency to break, the random slabs are often strenghtened with glass fibre-armed resin.
References: San Zeno/Verona/Italy, Dreifaltigkeitskirche Bern/Switzerland (columns); church at the Malpensa Airport/Milano/Italy (architect: Mario Botta); Cymbalista-Synagogue/Tel Aviv/Israel.
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone. One of the most manufactured limestones since antiquity.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a marble. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as limestone because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location Italy (Caprino Veronese + Cerro Veronese + Erbezzo + Sant'Ambrogio di Valpolicella/Provincia di Verona/Veneto)
Synonyms Red Verona, Rosa Verona, Roso Verona, Rossa Verona, Rosso de Verona, Rosso di Verona, Rouge de Verone, Verona Rosso, Verona Rot
Suppliers

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Name
Ruschita
Information A fine- to medium-grained, white, yellowish to pink marble of Mesozoic age, with blue-grey to brown-grey decoration.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,70 - 2,75 kg/dm³, bending strength: 8 N/mm², compression breaking load: 99 N/mm², water absorption: 0,11 vol.-%, abrasion resistance: 19,9 cm³/50 cm² (according to Boehme), frost resistant, polish constant only inside.
Uses: Ornamental stone.

There are some sorts available ( Ruschita Light Pink + Ruschita Orange + Ruschita Pink + Ruschita White Yellowish + Ruschita Whitish + Ruschita Yellowish ) and there are lots of, partly confusing trade names. There are no parameters for grading the colours. Before ordering ask for a sample !

Location Romania (Ruschita/Rusca Montana/Caras-Severin)
Synonyms New Portogallo, New Rosa Portogallo, Oxford Pink, Oxford Rose, Rosa Chiara, Rosa Luna, Rosa Transilvania, Ruschita Rose, Ruschitza, Ruscita, Rusita, Ruskicza, Ruszkicza, Rushita, Ruskita, Siebenbürger Marmor
Suppliers

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Name
Salisbury Pink
Information A medium-grained, pink gneiss ( orthogneiss ) of the Precambrian period.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,72 - 2,75 kg/dm³, bending strength: 13,05 - 13,44 N/mm², compression breaking load: 185,4 - 188,4 N/mm², water absorption: 0,42 -,046 weight-%.
Tests regarding radio activity gave an emission of 140 nSV/h ( sample from the Abraxas Archive ).
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a granite. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as gneiss because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location USA (Salisbury/Rowan County/North Carolina)
Synonyms Bethel Pink, Pink Salisbury, Salesbury, Salisburg Pink, Salisbury
Suppliers

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Name
Salome
Information A fine-grained, grey, vivid pink to violet veined marble breccia of the Triassic period.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,73 - 2,74 kg/dm³, bending strength: 17,95 N/mm², compression breaking load: 67,5 - 75,05 N/mm², abrasion resistance: 18,7 - 25 cm³/50 cm², water absorption: 0,1 - 0,2 weight-%.
Tests regarding radio activity gave an emission of 140 up to 150 nSV/h ( samples from the Abraxas Archive ).
Uses: Ornamental stone ( texture and colour are wide-spread, within a single consignment too ).
There are some quarries and sorts, resp. trade names, s. Leopar + Salome Burgundy + Salome Classic + Salome Flora + Salome Hell + Salome Pink + Suebrem Altin + Suepren Salome Pink + Suepren Salome Yellow + Supren Bordo Yellow + Supren Fume.
Location Turkey (Ayvacik/Eskisehir)
Synonyms Breccia Orientale, Cristallino Salome, Eskisehir Suebrem, Eskisehir Supren, Fior di Pesco, Fior di Pesco Orientale, Marmor Salome, New Fior di Pesco, Saloma, Salome Suepren, Salome Supren, Salomi, Salomon, Suebrem, Sueprem, Suebrem, Suebren, Supren, Suprem Salome, Supren Salome
Suppliers

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Name
Sao Tome
Information A well fissionable, white, light beige- to pink, green too, quartzite of the Precambrian period.
Mean ultimate loads for FZP-Anchor (Type M8, drillhole depth hv = 15 mm): tensile load: 6,0 kN (according to test results of the test laboratory at the Fischerwerke).
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone, mostly for flooring.
Available are several sorts, the yellow, white and pink sorts are from the same quarry, the green ones are from quarries 30 kms away. At time (2003) are five quarries working.
See Green Nature Quartzite + Noble Quartzite Light + Noble Quartzite Rose + Noble Quartzite Yellowish + Sao Tome Green +Sao Tome Pink + Sao Tome White + Sao Tome Yellow.
Location Brazil (Pico do Gaviao/Sao Tome das Letras/Minas Gerais)
Synonyms Eldorado, Noble Quartzite, Quarzit Rio Dorado, Quarzit Santome, Quarzite Eldorada, Rio Dorado, Rio Dorado Quarzit, Rio Dorato, San Thome, San Thome Quarzit, San Tome, Santome, Sao Thome, Sao Tome Quarzit
Suppliers

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Name
Sarizzo Antigorio
Information A coarse-grained, dark grey-black gneiss of the Carboniferous/Permian period.
Mineral distribution on the average in vol.-%: Quartz: 30, plagioclase: 25, orthoclase: 26, biotite: 10, muscovite: 5, epidote: 3; apatite, tourmaline, zircon: 1.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,58 - 2,66 kg/dm³, bending strength: 14,12 - 16,8 N/mm², compression breaking load: 168 - 171 N/mm², water absorption: 0,34 - 0,39 weight-%, abrasion resistance: 0,75 (proportional to the San Fedelino granite), frost resistant.
Mean ultimate loads for FZP-Anchor (Type M8, drillhole depth hv = 15 mm): tensile load: 5,4 kN (according to test results of the test laboratory at the Fischerwerke).
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone.

The European Standard: EN 12440 "Natural stone - Denomination criteria" became effective at 2000, September 30th. In the "Synonyms" field of this database you will find the trade names of addendum A with the annotation (according to EN 12440, addendum A).

This stone internationally may be nominated as a granite. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as gneiss because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location Italy (Crodo/Val Antigorio/Provincia di Verbano-Cusio-Ossola/European Alps/Piemonte - near the border to Switzerland - )
Synonyms Antigorio, Serizzo Anitgorio, Serizzo Antegoria, Serizzo Antigorio (according to EN 12440, addendum A), Serizzo Atigornio
Suppliers

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Name
Shanxi Black
Information A fine-grained, intensive black gabbro.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 3,040 kg/dm³, compression breaking load: 350 N/mm², water absorption: 0,327 vol-%.
Tests regarding radio activity gave an emission of 180 nSV/h ( sample from the Abraxas Archive ).
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone.
There are several sorts and qualities, s.a. China Supreme Black XS + China Supreme Black NM .

This stone internationally may be nominated as a granite. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as gabbro because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location China (Beiyve/Shanxi province - several quarries, the gabbro site is an up to 60 m wide vein - )
Synonyms Absolute Black, Chanxi Black, China Black, China Supreme Black, HD-001, Nero Supreme, QSN18, Sanxi Black, Shan Xi Black, Shang Xi Black, Shanxi Black Cinese, Shanxi Dark, Shanxy Black, Supreme Black, SXB 001, WG109
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Name
Silver Cloud
Information A fine-grained, grey to white-grey gneiss ( paragneiss ) of the Precambrian period, with cloudy decoration, partly with pyrite and ?(hematite).
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,78 - 2,84 kg/dm³, bending strength: 12,95 - 13,54 N/mm², compression breaking load: 163,8 - 166,3 N/mm², water absorption: 0,32 - 0,36 weight-%, frost resistant, polish constant.
Mean ultimate loads for FZP-Anchor (Type M8, drillhole depth hv = 15 mm): tensile load: 7,2 kN (according to test results of the test laboratory at the Fischerwerke).
Uses: Ornamental stone.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a granite. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as gneiss because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location USA (Atlanta/Fulton County/Georgia); other authorities say: Conyers/Georgia.
Synonyms Silver Cloude, Silver Clouds, Silver-Clowd, Silvercloud
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Name
Sivakasi
Information A yellowish-grey granulite with reddish bands and clouds.
Essentials: Quartz, feldspar, garnet.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,610 -2,760 kg/dm³, bending strength: 9,32 - 12,6 N/mm², compression breaking load: 88,29 - 168,73 N/mm², water absorption: 0,24vol-%, frost resistant, polish constant.
Uses: Ornamental stone.
There are some similar or identical granulites, obviously from the same region, s.a. Ivory Brown Chiffon + Ivory Brown Light + Ivory Pink + Siva Gold.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a granite. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as granulite because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

The spread of texture of Sivakasi is very wide. A small sample is mostly not representative. To get an impression, pictures of large slabs or of finished projects should be presented to the customer

Location India (Tiruttangal/Sivakasi/Tamil Nadu)
Synonyms Brown Ivory, Giallo Shivakasi, Giallo Shivakasy, Ivori Brown, Ivory Brown, Ivorybraun, Ivorybrown, Ivory Braun, Schiva Kashi, Schivakasch, Schivakaschi, Shiva-Kashi, Shiva Kashi, Shiva Kashi Yellow, Shiva Yellow, Shivakashi, Shivakashi Yellow, Shivakashy, Shivakasi, Shivakasi Yellow, Shiwa Kashi, Shiwakashi, Siva Kasi, Sivakashi, Sivakashi Yellow, Sivakasi Yellow, Sivkasi, Summer Yellow
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Name
Sivec
Information A white marble ?( of the Precambrian period ), with only some single veins.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,84 kg/dm³, bending strength: 9,4 N/mm², compression breaking load: 138,1 N/mm², water absorption: 0,35 vol.-%, abrasion resistance: 19,8 cm³/50 cm² (according to Boehme), frost resistant, polish constant only inside.
Reference: National Museum Prague/Czech Republik
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone.
Location Macedonia (Sivec/NNW Prilep)
Synonyms Bianco Sevic, Bianco Sivec, Bianco Sivic, Makedonski Sivec, Marmol Blanco Sivec, Branco Sivec, Sevic, Sivec Bianco, Sivec Marble, Sivec White, Sivic White, White Sivec
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Name
Solnhofen
Information A very hard and compact, well fissionable, yellow to yellow-grey limestone of the Upper Jurassic period, partly with manganese dendrites on the natural-split surfaces, calcite: 96 - 98%.
A famous fossil site too, over 700 species, insects, fishes, and the famous archaeopteryx.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,55 -2,70 kg/dm³, bending strength: 28,6 N/mm², compression breaking load: 215 N/mm², water absorption: 0,27 - 1,51 vol.-%, abrasion resistance: 14,8 - 15,0 cm³/50 cm² (according to Boehme), not frost resistant, polishing possible.
Solnhofen is a worldwide famous fossil site ( about 770 types, including the archaeoptery lithographica ).
Reference: National Museum at Budapest/Ungarn.
Uses: Ornamental stone, natural surface or honed for facing and flooring (since antiquity).
There are some sorts, resp. trade names, s. Solnhofen Beige + Solnhofen Blaeulich + Solnhofen Gelblich + Solnhofen Hellgrau + Solnhofen Roetlich.

The European Standard: EN 12440 "Natural stone - Denomination criteria" became effective at 2000, September 30th. In the "Synonyms" field of this database you will find the trade names of addendum A with the annotation (according to EN 12440, addendum A).

Location Germany (many quarries a.a. in: Laitheim, Moernsheim, Pappenheim, Schernfeld, Solnhofen, Wintershof, Workerszell/Altmuehltal/Fraenkische Alb/Bayern - extension of the deposit about 3 to 20 km - )
Synonyms Brute Jura, Fossil Stone, Fossilstone, Jura Solhofener, Jura Solnhofener, Kelheimer Platten, Solenhofen, Solenhofer, Solhofen, Solnhofen Fossil Stone, Solhofen Limestone, Solhofen Stone, Solhofener Platten, Solhoferplatten, Solnhofner, Solnhofener, Solnhofener Kalkstein, Solnhofener Marmor, Solnhofener Naturstein, Solnhofener Natursteinplatten (according to EN 12440, addendum A), Solnhofener Platten, Solnhofener Plattenkalk, Solnhofener Schiefer, Solnhofener Marmor, Solnhofer, Solnhofer Platten, Solnhofner, Solnhofner Platten, Solnhofner Plattenkalk, Solnhofner Schiefer, Solstone
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Name
Star Galaxy
Information A fine- to medium-grained, black gabbro / norite of the Precambrian period with golden-yellow sparkling broncite scales.
Bulk density: 2,83 - 2,85 kg/dm³, bending strength: 19,13 - 20,11 N/mm², compression breaking load: 200,1 - 203,1 N/mm², water absorption: 0,08 - 0,12 vol.-%, frost resistant, polish constant.
Uses: Ornamental stone, available since 1988.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a granite. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as gabbro / norite because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location India (Chimakurti/Warangal/Andhra Pradesh)
Synonyms Black Ametist, Black Ametista, Black Amethyst, Black Amethysta, Black and Gold, Black Galaxi, Black Galaxy, Black Galaxy Granite, Black Gold Sand, Black Gold Sands, Black Star, Bronzino, GA 902, Galaxi Black, Galaxy Black, Galaxy Gold, Galaxy Star, Nero Ametista, Nero Galassia, Nero Galaxy, Nero Star Galaxi, Nero Star Galaxy, Star Galaxi, Star Galaxy Black, Star Gallaxy, Warangal, WG203
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Name
Statuario Venato
Information Commercial name (according to European Standard EN 12440 addendum A) for a fine-grained, nearly white marble of the Jurassic period, with soft dark decoration.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,7 kg/dm³, bending strength: 19,8 N/mm², compression breaking load: 119,1 - 130,9 N/mm², abrasion resistance: 5,79 (according to Amsler).
References: Gran Plaza Hotel/Kornhill/Hong Kong; Conrad Hotel/Pacific Place/Hong Kong; Ritz Carlton/LagunaBeach/CA/USA
Uses: Ornamental stone.

Small cavities in the surface of the slabs are possible too. It is advisible to limitate the maximum size of these so-called "tarolli" before ordering large quantities.

Location Italy (the Carrara region/Provincia di Massa Carrara/Apennines/Tuscany)
Synonyms Bianco Statuario Venato, Statuario Venate, Statuary Venato, WM301
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Name
Tiger Skin
Information A grey-pink to grey-yellow migmatite.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,645 - 2,685 kg/dm³, bending strength: ?(3,6) 11,58 - 11,99 N/mm², compression breaking load: ?(100) 171,7 - 173,6 N/mm², water absorption: 0,24 - 0,28 weight-%.
Mean ultimate loads for FZP-Anchor (Type M8, drillhole depth hv = 15 mm): tensile load: 6,9 kN (according to test results of the test laboratory at the Fischerwerke).
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a granite. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as migmatite because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

The spread of texture of Tiger Skin is very wide. A small sample is mostly not representative. To get an impression, pictures of large slabs or of finished projects should be presented to the customer

Location India (Aimer district/Rajasthan)
Synonyms Piel de Tigre
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Name
Travertino Romano Classico
Information A white-grey-brown travertine of the Pleistocene/Holocene period.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,45 kg/dm³, bending strength: 15,3 N/mm², compression breaking load: 107,5 - 109,2 N/mm², frost resistant, polish constant only inside.
Tests regarding radio activity gave an emission of 200 nSV/h ( sample from the Abraxas Archive ).
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone.
References: State Department + Shell Haus (restoration) at Berlin/Germany
Location Italy (Bagni di Tivoli, Barco, Guidonia/Provincia di Roma/Lazio)
Synonyms Colosseo, Pantheon, Roman Classic Travertine, Travertin Romain Classique, Travertino Classico
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Name
Verde Alpi
Information A dark green serpentinite with light green and white veins.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,682 - 2,89 kg/dm³, bending strength: ca. 8 - 22 N/mm², compression breaking load: ca. 120 - 200 N/mm², water absorption: 0,58 - 0,62 weight-%, abrasion resistance: 2,2 mm (unknown test method).
References: Crabtree Valley Mall/Raleigh/North Carolina/USA; Conrad Hotel/Pacific Place/Hong Kong.
Uses: Ornamental stone.
Verde Alpi is a commercial name for several different serpentinites and ophicalcites too, see a. Verde Cretaz + Verde Fraye + Verde Gressoney + Verde Issogne + Verde Issorie + Verde San Nicolaus.

Serpentinite is, as a rule, not resistant against frost, acid and salt. For facing an flooring, (especally thin and big-size tiles) use waterless adhesives

This stone internationally may be nominated as a marble. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as serpentinite because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location Italy
Synonyms Alpe Verde, Alpi Green, Alpi Verde, Alpine Verde, Alpino, Green Alphi, Verde Alphi, Verde Alpi Parys, Verde Dolomiti, Verde S. Nicolaus, Verdi Alpi, Verde Alpe, Verde Alpin, Verde Alpino, Verde des Alpes, Vert des Alpes
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Name
Verde Eucalypto
Information A light grey-green, migmatitic granulite of the Precambrian period, Portuguese "verde" = green.
Mineral distribution on the average: microcline: 50%, quartz: 25%, plagioclase: 20%, biotite: 5%, accessories: 5%.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density according to ABNT NBR 12.766: 2,628 kg/dm³, bending strength according to ABNT NBR 12.763: 19,33 N/mm², compression breaking load according to ABNT NBR 12.767: 167,98 N/mm², abrasion resistance according to ABNT NBR 12.042 (Amsler): 1,20 mm, water absorption according to ABNT NBR 12.766: 0,18%.
Uses: Building stone, ornamental stone.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a granite. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as granulite because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location Brazil (quarry RN 000152/Corrego Sao geraldo/Fazenda Mangueira/Nova Venecia/Espirito Santo)
Synonyms Eucalipt Green, Eucalipto Green, Eucaliptus, Eucaliptus Green, Eucalypto Green, Eucalypto Verde, Eucalyptus, Eucalyptus Green, Green Eucalyptus, Verde Eucalipto, Verde Eucaliptus, Verde Eucalytus, Verde Eukalypto, Vert Eucaliptus, Vert Eucalyptus
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Name
Verde Guatemala
Information A green serpentinite, Spanish "verde" = green (a substitute for the original, now called Verde Quatemala from Guatemala, it was not available for a long time).
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,65 - 2,70 kg/dm³, bending strength: 19,6 - 23,0 N/mm², compression breaking load: 140 - 195,22 N/mm², water absorption: 0,19 - 0,48 weight-%, not frost resistant, polish constant only inside.
Tests regarding radio activity gave an emission of 130 nSV/h ( sample from the Abraxas Archive ).
Uses: Ornamental stone.
There are lots of big and small quarries and several sorts and trade names.

Serpentinite is, as a rule, not resistant against frost, acid and salt. For facing an flooring, (especally thin and big-size tiles) use waterless adhesives

This stone internationally may be nominated as a marble. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as serpentinite because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location India (Rakhab Dev/Rajasthan/Hindustan)
Synonyms Green Guatemala, Green Snake, Gruen Guatemala, Guatemala Gruen, Indian Green, Indian Green Marble, KG 17, Rajasthan Green, Rajasthan Sea Green, Rayastan Sea Green, Verde Guatemala Indiano, Verde Guatemale, Verde Imperiale, Verde Imperiale Indiano, Verde Radjastan, Verde Rajastan, Verde Udaipur, Verdi Guatemala, Vert de Rajastan, Vert Guatemala, WM302
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Name
Verde Maritaca
Information A greenish-grey migmatitic gneiss of the Precambrian period, with reddish-brown clouds, Portuguese "verde" = green.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,67 - 2,78 kg/dm³, bending strength: 11,18 - 13,6 N/mm², compression breaking load: 200 - 222 N/mm, water absorption: 0,20 - 0,24 weight-%, frost resistant, polish constant.
Uses: Ornamental stone in- and outside.
Reference: Top Tower Center/Tel Aviv/Israel; Seestern/Duesseldorf/Germany.
Poss. Verde Maritaca is identical with Verde San Francisco.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a granite. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as gneiss because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

The spread of texture of Verde Maritaca is very wide. A small sample is mostly not representative. To get an impression, pictures of large slabs or of finished projects should be presented to the customer.

Location Brazil (the Campo Belo -Candeias region/Minas Gerais)
Synonyms Green Maritaca, Maritaca, Maritaca Green, Maritace Green, Maritaco Green, Maritaka, Verde Maritacca, Verde Maritace, Verde Maritaga, Verde Maritaha, Verde Maritaka, Verde Tropical Maritaca, Verde Tropical Maritaka, Verdi Maritaka, Vert Maritaca
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Name
Verde Ubatuba
Information A medium- to coarse grained, olive-green granite ( charnockite ) of the Precambrian period with large quatities of quartz and some red garnets, Portuguese "verde" = green.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,69 - 2,74 kg/dm³, bending strength: 12,46 - 17,2 N/mm², compression breaking load: 178,5 - 188,5 N/mm², Wasserraufnahme: 0,18 - 0,22 weight-%, frost resistant, polish constant only inside.
Uses: Ornamental stone, s.a. Seaweed Green + Verde Labrador.
Location Brazil (Ubatuba/Sao Paolo)
Synonyms Bahia Green, Emerald Green Granite, Granito Verde Ubatuba, Green Obatooba, Green Ubatuba, Labrador Green, Lincoln, Lincoln Gruen, Ooba Tooba, Ooba Toba, Tuba Granite, Uba Tuba, Uba-Tuba, Ubatuba, Ubatuba Gold, Ubatuba Green, Verde Amazonas, Verde Amazonia, Verde Bahia, Verde Minas, Verde Ubatuba Gold
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Name
Viscount White
Information A fine-grained, grey-white to nearly white gneiss ( paragneiss ) of the Precambrian period, size of grains about 2 - 4 mm.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,652 kg/dm³, bending strength: 16,09 N/mm², compression breaking load: 98,4 N/mm², abrasion resistance: 0,76 mm, water absorption: 0,26 %, frost resistant, polish constant.
Reference: Spandau railway station at Berlin/Germany.
Uses: Construction stone, ornamental stone, gravestone.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a granite. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as gneiss because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location India (Madanapalle + Tiruchchirappalli/Cauvery/Tamil Nadu)
Synonyms Bianco Viscont White, Madanapalle, Madanapalle White, Madanapalli, Madanapalli White, Mandana Palli White, Viscon White, Viscont White, Wiscont White, Visconte White, Viscount White Granite, Viscount-White, Viskont, Viskont White, White Tapestry, Wiscount White, Wiskont White
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Name
Vizag Blue
Information A fine-grained, blue-grey gneiss of the Precambrian period, with garnets.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,680 kg/dm³, bending strength: 10,20 N/mm², compression breaking load: 186,39 N/mm², rost resistant, polish constant.
Uses: Ornamental stone.

This stone internationally may be nominated as a granite. For the US- and Chinese market this is correct according to ASTM C 119 resp. GB/T 17670. But in the area of application of the European Standard (EN) this stone must be nominated as gneiss because the EN 12440 demands a scientific terminology for the denomination of natural stones, determined with a petrografic examination according to EN 12407 and 4.2 of prEN 12670. In case of doubt please ask your supplier.

Location India (TekkaliVizag/Srikakulam/Vishakhapatnam/Andhra Pradesh - about 40 quarries - )
Synonyms Andhra Blue, Azul Magnetic, Azul Vizag, Bengal Dunkel, Blue Vizag, Blue Vizag India, Brindel Blue, Ganga Blue, Gangablue, Ontario Blue, Vaizag Blue, Visag Blue, Vizac Blue, Vizag, Vizag Bleu, Vizag Blu, Vizak Blue, Vizaq Blue, Vizga Blue
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Name
White of Thassos
Information A medium-grained, pure white magnesian marble of the Cambrian period ( other authoritoes say Silurian ).
Mineral distribution on the average in ?(weight)-%: Dolomite: about 86, calcite: 12, quartz: 2.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,850 kg/dm³, bending strength: 12,9 N/mm², compression breaking load: 97,1 N/mm², water absorption: 0,23 weight-%, abrasion resistance: 6,58 mm (according to Amsler), frost resistant, polish constant only inside.
Uses: Ornamental stone.
Only a small part of the Thassos marble is pure-white coloured, there are several sorts and qualities.
Thassos marble with soft decoration is cheaper than the pure white qualities Snow White of Thassos, Thassos A1, Thassos Edelweiss, Thassos Extra etc.
Location Greece (Thasos island/Kavala/East Makedonia and Thrakia)
Synonyms Athos White, Blanco Thasos, Blanco Thassos, Bianco Taxos, Bianco Thassos, Branco Thassos, Taxos, Taxos Marble, Thasos White, Thassos White, White Tassos
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Name
White of Volakas
Information A fine- to sugar-grained, white magnesian marble of the Presilurian period, with soft grey or light violet-brown decoration.
Mineral distribution on the average in weight-%: Dolomite: 92, calcite 8.
Technical and physical characteristics: Bulk density: 2,76 kg/dm³, bending strength: 8,87 N/mm², compression breaking load: 137,34 N/mm², water absorption: 0,28 weight-%, abrasion resistance according to DIN 52 108: 36,15 cm³/50 cm² (according to Boehme), polish constant only inside.
Mean ultimate loads for FZP-Anchor (Type M8, drillhole depth hv = 15 mm): tensile load: 3,8 kN (according to test results of the test laboratory at the Fischerwerke)
Uses: Ornamental stone, mostly inside. Volakas (2002) actually is said to be the most-spread Greece marble.

The European Standard: EN 12440 "Natural stone - Denomination criteria" became effective at 2000, September 30th. In the "Synonyms" field of this database you will find the trade names of addendum A with the annotation (according to EN 12440, addendum A).

Location Greece (Volakas/Volax/Drama/East Makedonia and Thrakia)
Synonyms Branco Volakas, Drama White, Dramas White, Macedonian White, Olympos, Olympus, Olympus White, Volaka, Volakas Drama White (according to EN 12440, addendum A), Volakas Dramas White, Volakas White, Volaka, Volakas, Volax, White of Macedonia
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La Mar Diamant Lappin-Quarzit Lichtenberger Loensboda
La Mar Diamant (S.E.A.) Pte Ltd. Lappland Black Lichtenberger Diorit Lohndorfer
La Marmotecnica F.lli Longo Lappland Green Lichtenstein Lohwiese Granit
La Para Lappland Gruen Lichtensteiner Sandstein Loimaan Kivi
La Pejade Lapplandgruen Licorella Loira
La Perla Lapponia Lidal Loisia
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La Piana A Lapponia Green Lido Chiaro Lokka
La Piana B Lapponia Red Lido Classico Lolova Gneis
La Piana C Lapponia Rot Lido Classico Light Loma Green
La Pierre Bleue Belge S.A. Lapponia Ruska Lido Classique Lombarda Marmi S.r.l.
La Pierre de Paris Lapponia Verde Lido Classique Clair Lombardieres
La Pietra Toscana S.r.l. Lapponian Green Lido de Gris Lompoc Limestone
La Quadrifoglio Marmi Lapte Lido Fleuri Lompoc Stone Quarries
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La Rhune Laranjeira Liebenstein London Grey
La Roche en Brenil Laranjeira Almond Liebensteiner Granit London Universal
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La Rustica Graniti Laredo Liebethal London White (2)
La Rustica Marmi Laredo (2) Liechtenstein Londorf
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La Salle Largybrack Liedon Punainen Londorfer
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Lacome Dur Clair Lazzaro Limestone Roche de Cry Luhe Naturstein GmbH
Lacome Pointille LAP GmbH - Laser Applikationen Limestone Rocheval Luidas
Lacome Rubane LB 118 Limestone Rocheville Luidas Joint Stock Company
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Lacroix Le Croset Limestone Saint Martin-Belle-Roche Luis Sanchez
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Lady Pink Lecce Stone Limestone Valdenod Yellow Lukas
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Lady White Ledien Limestone Villebois Grey Lukas Green/Brown
Ladycross Lefinsk Limestone Villebois Yellow Lukas Gruen
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Laegern Kalkstein Leggiuna Paragneis Limestone White Lukas Marmor
Laegern Kalksteinbrueche AG Legiuna Liminex GmbH Lukoveckoe
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agglosteine egenvegt marble rutschhemmend
agglo-steine egypt marbles rutsch-hemmend
Ägypten egyptian marbre rutschhemmung
ägyptisch eigenschaft marbres rutsch-hemmung
ägyptische eigenschaften marfil rutschhemmungen
ägyptischer elastische marfim rutsch-hemmungen
ägyptisches elastischer marmer rutschklasse
allemagne elastisches marmi rutsch-klasse
allemande emission marmi high tech  rutschklassen
amarela emissionen marmo rutsch-klassen
amarello empfehlung marmo high tech sachsen
amarelo empfehlungen marmol sächsisch
amarilla engineered stone marmoleria sächsische
amarillo engineered stones marmoles sächsischer
america entstehung marmor sächsisches
americain entstehungen marmorabbau sample
american enzyklopädie marmoraria samples
amerika enzyklopädien marmorbad sand
amerikanisch erfahrung marmor-bad sanded
amerikanische erfahrungen marmorbäder sandstein
amerikanischer erfahrungsbericht marmor-bäder sandsteine
amerikanisches erfahrungsberichte marmorboden sandsteinfigur
andere escalera marmor-boden sandstein-figur
anderer escalier marmorböden sandsteinfiguren
anderes especial marmor-böden sandstein-figuren
andesit estremoz marmore sandsteinplatte
andesite etc marmores sandstein-platte
angola europa marmorfliese sandsteinplatten
angolanisch europäisch marmorfliesen sandstein-platten
anleitung europäische marmoriert sandsten
anorthosit europäischer marmorierte sandstone
anorthosite europäisches marmorierter sanierung
anthrazit examination marmoriertes sanierungen
antic examinations marmorkristallisation sardegna
antica excavatione marmorpflege sardinia
anticato excavationes marmorskiva sardinien
antico exploitation marmorsteinbruch sardinische
antigo exploitations marmor-steinbruch sardinischer
antik export marmorsteinbrüche sardinisches
antika exporter marmor-steinbrüche sardisch
antike exporteur marmorversiegelung sardische
antiker exporteure marmor-versiegelung sardischer
antikes exporting marmorversiegelungen sardisches
antikmarmor exportland marmor-versiegelungen sardo
antique exportländer marmorvorkommen saudi arabia 
appia extra marmor-vorkommen saudi arabien 
apuano extracciones marmorwerk säule
aqua extracion marmor-werk säulen
arabe extracions marmorwerke scala
arabescato facade marmor-werke scandola
arabia facades marmur schichten
arabic facciata marmura schichtenmauerwerk
arabida facciate marna schichten-mauerwerk
arabien facciate marokkanisch schichtmauerwerk
arabisch fachbegriff marokkanische schicht-mauerwerk
arabische fachbegriffe marokkanischer schiefer
arabischer fachhandel marokkanisches schieferboden
arabisches fachlexikon marokko schiefer-boden
arbeitsplatte fachwörterlexikon maron schieferböden
arbeitsplatten facing marron schiefer-böden
architect facings masa schieferbodenpflege
architecte faite masa volumica  schieferboden-pflege
architects farbe mason schieferlook
architecture farben masonry schiefer-look
architekt farbpalette massa volumica schieferpflege
architekten farbpaletten massa volumique schiefer-pflege
architektur farbskala massangabe schillkalk
ardesia farbvertiefung maßangabe schillkalke
ardoise farbvertiefungen massangaben schindel
arena farbzahl maßangaben schindeln
arenaria farbzahlen masse volumique schist
arenisca farkskalen massivbauteil schiste
arenitische fassade massiv-bauteil schisto
arenitischer fassaden massivbauteile schleifmaschine
arenitisches fassadenanker massivb-auteile schleifmaschinen
arenito fassadenplatten massivdusche schlesien
argenta fassadenplette massiv-dusche schlesisch
argentina feinkorn massivduschen schlesische
argentine feinsteinzeug massiv-duschen schlesischer
argentinien feinsteinzeugfliese massivduschtasse schlesisches
argentinisch feinsteinzeug-fliese massiv-duschtasse schmuck
argentinische feinsteinzeugfliesen massivduschtassen schmuckstein
argentinischer feinsteinzeug-fliesen massiv-duschtassen schmucksteine
argentinisches fels massivwanne schotter
argento felsen massiv-wanne schutzstein
arquitectos fenster massivwannen schutzsteine
arquitectura fensterbank massiv-wannen schwarz
art fensterbänke masson schweden
arten fensterbrett matamorphic rock  schwedisch
asinma fensterbretter materia schwedische
askar fenstereinfassung material schwedischer
assicella fenstereinfassungen materialien schwedisches
assoluto fenstersims matrix schweiz
astm fenstersimse mattonella schweizer
aussen fertigarbeit mattonelle schweizerisch
außenbereich fertigarbeiten mauer schweizerischer
aussenbereich festigkeit mauerabdeckplatten schweizerisches
außenbereiche festigkeiten mauer-abdeckplatten schwimmbad
aussenbereiche findling mauerabdeckung schwimmbäder
außentreppe findlinge mauer-abdeckung scientific name 
aussentreppe fine mauerabdeckungen scientific names 
aussentreppen finish mauer-abdeckungen scisto
außentreppen finland mauern scuro
austral finnisch mauerstein search
australia finnische mauersteine seilsäge
australian finnischer mauerverblender seilsägen
australien finnisches mauer-verblender selection
australisch finnland mauerwerk serpentinit
australische fino medio serpentinite
australischer firm medium serpentinstein
australisches firma merkmale shingle
austria firmen mermer sicily
austrian firms metamorphic rock siena
avec flagstone metamorphic rocks sienite
avnötning flagstones metamorphit sienito
avorio flamed metamorphite sims
azul flamme metselwerk simse
azur fliese micro siziliana
azure fliesen microphotograph sizilianisch
azzurro fliesenbelag microphotographs sizilianische
b13 fliesenbeläge migmatit sizilianischer
b4 fliesenkleber migmatite sizilianisches
b5 fliesenleger migmatiti sizilien
backofenstein fliesenmuster migmatito skifer
backstein fliesenreinigung mikro skifersten
backsteine floor mikrofoto skiffer
bad flooring mikro-foto skirt
baden floorings mikrofotos skirting
bäder flusskies mikro-fotos skirtings
badezimmer flußkies mikroskopisch skirts
badfliesen flusskiesel mikroskopische skluptur
badisch flußkiesel mikroskopischer skulpturen
bahnen forhandler mikroskopisches slab
bahnenware fossil mineraal slabs
balance foto mineral slate
balaustra fotos mineralbestand slates
balcik fountain mineral-bestand sockel
baldocer fountains minerale sockelfliese
baldosa från minerali sockel-fliese
baldosas francais mineralien sockelfliesen
balkonplatte france mineralisch sockel-fliesen
balkonplatten francese minerals sockelleiste
bank francia mining sockel-leiste
Bänke frankreich modus sockelleisten
bardiglio französisch mosaic sockel-leisten
Basalt französische mosaici solnhofen
basalti französischer mosaico solnhofener
basaltina französisches mosaics sorten
basaltino freestone mosaik sortiert
basaltinos freestones mosaike spagnoli
basaltique french mosaikpflaster spagnolo
basaltit frost mosaik-pflaster spain
basaltite frostbeständigkeit mosaique spaltfelsen
basaltlava frostfest mramor spaltmarmor
basalto frostsicher multicolor spaltmarmore
basaltplatten frostsicherheit muschelkalk spaltstein
basaltsäule fugenmörtel muschelkalkplatte spaltsteine
basaltsäulen fundort muschelkalk-platte spanien
basaltsplitt fundorte muschelkalkplatten spanisch
basaltstein fußboden muschelkalk-platten spanische
basaltsteine fussboden muschelkalkstein spanischer
bath fussböden muschelkalksteine spanisches
bathroom fußböden muschelmarmor spanish
bathrooms fußbodenbelag muschelstein special term 
bauanleitung fussbodenbelag muschelsteine special terms
baumaterial fussbodenbeläge muster specific
baumaterialien fußbodenbeläge musterbeispiel spez. gewicht
bauplan fussleiste musterbeispiele spezifisch
baupläne fußleiste musterplatte spezifische
bauschaden fußleisten muster-platte spezifische gewichte
bauschäden fussleisten musterplatten spezifischer
baustein gabbro muster-platten spezifisches gewicht
bausteine gabbros name splitt
baustoff gabione namen springbrunnen
baustoffe gabionen natural stair
baustoffgrosshandel gabionenstein natural stone  stairs
baustoffhandel gabionensteine natural stones standard
bautechnik gabro naturale standards
bautechniken galabau naturali steengroeve
bautechnische gala-bau naturalstone steensoort
bautechnische information  ga-la-bau naturalstones stehen
bautechnische informationen  galicia naturbaustein stein
bautechnischer galizia naturbausteine steinabbau
bautechnisches galleries nature steinart
bauweise gallery naturel steinarten
bauweisen gallicia naturelle steinbelag
bauwesen gangsaw slab  naturschiefer steinboden
bayerische gangsaw slabs naturschindeln steinbruch
bayerischer garten naturstein steinbruchbetreiber
bayerisches gartenbau naturstein-archiv steinbrüche
bayern gartengestaltung naturstein-archiv steindatenbank
bazalt gartengestaltungen natursteinart stein-datenbank
bedeutung gartenkies natursteinarten steindatenbanken
bedeutungen gartenplatte natursteinbank stein-datenbanken
befestigung gartenplatten natursteinbelag steine
befestigungen gartensäule natursteinbeläge steinfeinzeug
beflammt gartensäulen natursteinblock steinfliese
beflammte gartentisch natursteinblöcke steinfliesen
beflammter gartentische natursteinboden steingutfliese
beflammtes gebändert natursteinböden steingutfliesen
begleitmineral geblühmt natursteindatenbank steinhandel
begriff gebuerstet natursteindatenbank steinmetz
begriffe gebürstet naturstein-datenbank steinmetze
beispiel gebürstete natursteindatenbanken steinsammlung
beispiele gebürsteter natursteine steinsammlungen
bekannt gebürstetes natursteine-lexikon steinsorte
bekannte geburtsstein natursteinen steinsorten
bekannter geburtssteine natursteinexport steinsuche
bekanntes geflammt naturstein-export steintherapie
belagstreppe geflammter natursteinexporteur steintherapien
belagstreppen geflammtes naturstein-exporteur steinverblender
belastung gehweg natursteinexporteure steinversiegelung
belastungen gehwege naturstein-exporteure steinversiegelungen
belastungsklassen gehwegplatte natursteinfachhandel steinzeug
belgian gehwegplatten naturstein-fachhandel steinzeugfliesen
belgic gelb natursteinfliese sten
belgie gelbe naturstein-fliese stenbrot
belgien gelber natursteinfliesen stenbrud
belgique gelbes naturstein-fliesen stenbrut
belgisch gelblich natursteingewinnung stenen
belgische german naturstein-gewinnung stenhugger
belgischen germania natursteinhandel stenhuggeri
belgischer germany naturstein-handel stone
belgisches geschnitten natursteinhändler stonemason
belgish geschnittener natursteinimport stonemasons
belgium geschnittenes naturstein-import stones
belgrano gestein natursteinimporte strahlen
bemusterung gesteine naturstein-importe strahlenbelastung
bemusterungen gesteinklassen natursteininformation strahlenbelastungen
bench gesteinsabbildung naturstein-information strahlung
bencovac gesteinsabbildungen natursteininformationen strahlungen
bencovacs gesteinsbezeichnung naturstein-informationen strahlungswert
bending strength gesteinsbezeichnungen natursteinküchenplatte strahlungswerte
bereich gesteinsdaten naturstein-küchenplatte strength
bereiche gesteinsfamilie natursteinküchenplatten striata
bergisch gesteinsfamilien naturstein-küchenplatten stripe
bergische gesteinsklasse natursteinlexikon striped
bergischer gesteinsklasse naturstein-lexikon stripes
bericht gesteinsname natursteinmauer stufe
berichte gesteinsnamen naturstein-mauer stufen
beschreibung gesteinssorte natursteinmauerwerk stufenplatte
beschreibungen gesteinssorten naturstein-mauerwerk stufenplatten
bestellen gestreift natursteinpflaster style
bestellung gestreifte naturstein-pflaster suche
bestellungen gestreifter natursteinplatte suchen
beton gestreiftes naturstein-platte supplier
betonhohlstein gewand natursteinplatten suppliers
betonhohlsteine gewände naturstein-platten swiss
betonplatte gewicht natursteinsammlung switzerland
betonplatten gewichte naturstein-sammlung syenit
betonstein gewichtstabelle natursteinsammlungen syenite
betonsteine gewichtstabellen naturstein-sammlungen synonym
betonsteinpflaster gewinnung natursteinschutz synonyme
betonverbundpflaster gewolkt naturstein-schutz tabla
betonwerkstein gewolkte natursteinsorte table
betonwerksteine gewolkter naturstein-sorte table top 
bettung gewolktes natursteinsorten table tops
bettungen gialla naturstein-sorten tables
bewertung giallo natursteintreppe tabletop
bewertungen glasbordüre naturstein-treppe tabletops
bewertungsgruppe glasbordüren natursteinverarbeiter taiwan
bewertungsgruppen gletscherkies naturstein-verarbeiter taiwanese
bezeichnung gletscherkiesel natursteinverarbeitung taiwanesisch
bezeichnungen glimmer naturstein-verarbeitung taiwanesische
biegefestigkeit glimmerschiefer natursteinverblender taiwanesischer
biegefestigkeiten gnaisse naturstein-verblender taiwanesisches
biegezugfestigkeit gneis natursteinverlegung tas
biegezugfestigkeiten gneiss naturstein-verlegung tasch
bild gold natursteinversiegelung tasi
bilder goldblat naturstein-versiegelung taslar
bildhauer grab natursteinversiegelungen taufstein
bildhauerstein grabmal naturstein-versiegelungen technical
bildhauersteine grabmale natursteinversieglung technical data
blende grabplatten naturstein-versieglung technical term 
blenden grabstein natursteinvertrieb technical terms 
blendmauerwerk grabsteine naturstein-vertrieb technisch
blendstein graf natursteinwerk technische werte 
blendsteine grafmonument naturstein-werk technischer
blocchi grafmonumenten natursteinwerke technisches
blocco gran bretagna  naturstein-werke tegel
block granat naturwerkstein tegeler
blockbeton graniet naturwerksteine tegels
blöcke granieten natuursteen tejado
blockquarzit granit nero terasse
blocks granitabbau new terassen
blockstufe granitarbeitsplatte noir terassenplatte
blockstufen granitblocks noire terassenplatten
bloque granitboden norm terassenstein
bluestone granitböden normen terms
bluestones granitbord norvege terra
bocciardata granitborde norvegese terracotta
boccoardato granitbordstein norway terrasse
boden granitbordsteine norwegen terrassenbelag
bodenbelag granite norweger terrassen-belag
bodenbeläge granites norwegian terrassenfliesen
bodeneinlauf granitfensterbank norwegisch terrassen-fliesen
bodeneinläufe granitfensterbänke norwegische terrassenplatte
bodenfliese granitfliese norwegischer terrassen-platte
bodenfliesen granit-fliese norweigisches terrassenplatten
bodenklinker granitfliesen nova terrassen-platten
bodenklinkerplatte granit-fliesen nsa terrassenstein
bodenklinkerplatten granitflisen oberfläche terrassen-stein
bodenleger graniti oberflächen terrassensteine
bodenleiste granitmuster oesterreich terre
bodenleisten granito onyx tessin
bodenplatte granitos onyx marble tessiner
bodenplatten granitpflege onyx-marmor tessitura
bodenschleifmas​chine granitplatte orange test
bodenschleifmaschinen granitplatten oriental test report 
böhmen granitporphyr orientale test reports
böhmische granitschotter oriente testbericht
böhmischer granitsorte origin testberichte
böhmisches granitsorten origine testergebnis
bollenstein granitstein ornamental testergebnisse
bollensteine granitsteinbruch ornamental stone  testing laboratories
bordo granitsteinbrüche ornamental stones testing laboratory 
bordschwelle granitsteine ornamentale textur
bordschwellen granitstufe ornamentales textura
bordstein granitstufen oro texture
bordsteine granitu österreich texturen
bordüre granitverblender österreichisch textures
bordüren granitvorkommen österreichische ticino
bordures granitwerk österreichischer tile
bossiert granitwerke österreichisches tiles
bossierte granity padang tip
bossierter granodiorit paragneis tipo
bossiertes granodiorita paragneise tipos
bouchardee granodiorite pave tipps
bouwmateriaal granodioriti pavers tips
bouwsteen granodiorito paves tisch
bouwstenen granulit pavimenti tischplatte
brasil granulite pavimento tischplatten
brasile granulito pavimentos toleranz
brasilia grau paving stone toleranzen
brasilianisch grauwacke paving stones tomb
brasilianische grauwacken pearl tombeau
brasilianischen grauwacker pebble tombeaux
brasilianischer gravestone pebbles tombstone
brasilianisches gravestones pedra tonschiefer
brasiliano gravstein pedra de calcada  toscana
brasilien gray pedreira toscanisch
brazil graywacke pedreiro toscanische
brazilian greece pedrera toscanischer
brazilie greek pegmatit toscanisches
brazillian green pegmatite toskana
breca gres perlato toskanischer
brecce gres porcellaine perle toskanisches
breccia gres porcellanato  perola trachite
breccie grey persa trachyt
breccienmarmor greystone petrographie trachyte
brecha gri petrographisch tranche
breche griechenland petrographische tranchen
brèche griechisch petrographische bezeichnung  travertin
brechen griechische petrographische bezeichnungen travertine
brechia griechischer petrographische untersuchung travertini
brecia griechisches petrographische untersuchungen travertino
brecsia grigia pflaster treppe
brekzie grigio pflasterarbeiten treppen
bretagne gris pflaster-arbeiten treppenanlage
bretonisch grisso pflasterklinker treppenanlagen
breuksteen grizzo pflaster-klinker treppenstufe
briccia groeve pflastern treppenstufen
brick groshaendler pflasterstein treppentrittstufe
bricks großbritannien pflastersteine treppentrittstufen
brickstone großformat pflasterung trittplatte
brickstones grossformat pflege trittplatten
britisch großformate pflegemittel trittstufe
broste grossformate pflegen trittstufen
brosten großhandel philippinen trockenmauer
bruch grosshandel philippines trockenmauern
bruchbetreiber großhändler philippinisch trockenmauerstein
brüche grosshändler philippinische trockenmauersteine
bruchrauh großpflaster philippinischer trockensteinmauern
bruchstein grosspflaster philippinisches tuerkei
bruchsteine grün photo tuerkischem
bruchsteinmauer grüne photos tuerkischer
bruchsteinmauern grüner phyllit tuff
brunnen grünes phyllite tuffstein
brushed günstig piaskowiec turchese
brut handel piastrella türeinfassung
brute handelsbezeichnung piastrelle türeinfassungen
bulgarien handelsbezeichnungen picture türkei
bulgarischer handelssorte pictures turkey
bulk density  handelssorten piedra türkisch
bündner händler piedras turkische
bunt händlernachweis pierre türkischem
bunter händlernachweise pierre naturelle türkischer
bunter händlerverzeichnis pierres türkisches
buntes händlerverzeichnisse pietra turkish
buntgranit hard pietra naturale  turquin
buntmarmor hartgestein pietre türschwelle
buntmarmore hartgesteine pink türschwellen
buntsandstein hart-naturstein piskovec tuscany
buntsandsteine hartstein pizarra u.k.
buntschiefer hartsteine pizarras u.s.a.
buntstein haussockel pizzarra ucraina
buntsteine hausverkleidung pizzarras uk
burma hausverkleidungen placa ukraine
calcaire heilnaturstein placas united states
calcare heilnatursteine plaqueta united states of america
calcario heilstein plaquetas unkalibriert
caliza heilsteine platte unmaßplatte
campione heilwirkung platten unmassplatte
canada heilwirkungen poliert unmaßplatten
canadese hell polierte unmassplatten
canadian hellgrau polierter unmaßsandsteinplatten
canteiro herkunft poliertes unmasstafel
cantera hersteller poligonal unmaßtafel
canteras herstellersuche polished unmasstafeln
cararra herstellung polygonal unmaßtafeln
cardone herstellungen polygonale untersuchung
cardoni high tech polygonaler untersuchungen
carrara hinweis polygonales urgestein
carrellage hinweise polygonalplatte urgesteine
carrer historisch polygonal-platte usa
carrera historische polygonalplatten venato
carriere historischer polygonal-platten verarbeiter
carrieres historisches polygonal-rohplatten verarbeitung
catalano i.n.s.k. polygonalstein verarbeitungen
cava iberica polygonal-stein verblenden
cave iberico polygonalsteine verblender
cd-rom ibero polygonal-steine verblendsteine
ce-kennzeichnung igneous rock  polygone verblendung
cemento image polygono verblendungen
ceramic imagem porcelain verde
ceramica images porcelaine verfärbung
ceramiche imagine porcelanato verfärbungen
ceramics imagini porcelanico vergleich
ceramique immagini porcellanato vergleiche
céramique import porfidi verkauf
ce-zertifikat importadora porfido verkäufe
characteristic importer porfier verkleben
chemical importers porfir verlegeanleitung
chemie importeur porfiri verlege-anleitung
chemisch importeure porfiro verlegeanleitungen
chemische importland porfirs verlege-anleitungen
chemischer importländer porosität verlegeanweisung
chemisches imprägnieren porositäten verlege-anweisung
chiaro imprägniermittel porosity verlegeanweisungen
china imprägnierung porphyr verlege-anweisungen
chineese imprägnierungen porphyre verlegeinformation
chinese india porphyrplatte verlege-information
chinesiche indian porphyr-platte verlegeinformationen
chinesicher indiano porphyrplatten verlege-informationen
chinesisch indien porphyr-platten verlegemörtel
chinesische indisch porphyry verlegen
chinesischem indische portogallo verlegeplan
chinesischen indischer portogallo verleger
chinesischer indisches portoghese verlegetechnik
chinesisches industrie portogiesischer verlegetechnik
cinese industries portugais verlege-technik
cinza industry portugal verlegetechniken
ciottoli info portugiesisch verlege-techniken
ciottolo information portugiesische verlegevorschrift
city informationen portugiesischer verlegevorschrift
cladding informazione portugiesisches verlege-vorschrift
clair informazioni portuguesa verlegevorschriften
claro infos portuguese verlege-vorschriften
classic innen porzellan verlegt
classico innenbereich preis verlegung
cleft innenfensterbank preise versiegeln
clou innenfensterbänke preisliste versiegelung
cloud innenraum preis-liste vert
clouds innentreppe preis-listen vertreiber
cloues innentreppen preisvergleich verwendung
cn-polygonal insk preis-vergleich verwendungen
cobalt international preis-vergleiche verwittert
cobble stone  internationale preto verwitterung
cobble stones  internationaler prezzo verwitterungen
cobblestone internationales produktdatenblatt vidraco
cobblestones invoerder produkt-datenblatt vietnam
color irisch produktdatenblätter vietnamees
colori irischer produkt-datenblätter vietnamesisch
colour irish prüfzeugnis vietnamesische
column ital. prüfzeugnisse vietnamesischen
columna italia quader vietnamesischer
companies italian quadermauerwerk vietnamesisches
company italiana quarries violet
conglomerado italiani quarry violett
conglomerat italiano quarrying violetta
conglomerate italie quartz violetto
conglomerates italien quartz surface virginia
conglomerati italienisch quartz surfacees vloersten
conglomerato italienische quartzite vloertegel
cordo italienischer quartzo vloertegels
cordoli italienisches quarz volumen
cordolo italy quarz-agglo vorkommen
cotto ivory quarzfläche wall
couchtisch jaune quarzflächen walling
couchtische jura quarzit wand
countertop kaldirim tasi  quarzite wandbelag
countertops kalibriert quarzito wandbeläge
cream kalibrierte quarzitplatte wandfliese
crema kalibrierter quarzit-platte wandfliesen
creme kalibriertes quarzitplatten wandverblendung
cristal kalk quarzit-platten wandverblendungen
cristalin kalker quarzitpolygonalplatte wapien
cristalino kalkplatte quarzit-polygonalplatte waschbecken
cristall kalkplatten quarzitpolygonalplatten waschtisch
cristallo kalksand quarzit-polygonalplatten waschtische
crystal kalksandstein quarzo wasseraufnahme
cube kalksandsteine quarzporphyr wasseraufnahmefähigkeit
cubes kalkschotter quarz-porphyr wasserbaustein
cubetto kalksteen quarzsandstein wasserbausteine
curb kalkstein quarz-sandstein wasserflecken
curbs kalksteine quarzsandsteine wasserstrahlen
curbstone kalksteinplatte quarz-sandsteine wasserstrahlschneiden
curbstones kalksteinplatten quarzwerkstoff wasserstrahlschneider
cut kalksten quarz-werkstoff wasserstrahlschnitt
cut-to-size kalksttenen quarzwerkstoffe wasserstrahlschnitte
dachschindel kalktuff quarz-werkstoffe wasserstrahltechnik
dachschindeln kamenac radio activity  wasserstrahltechniken
dakspaan kamien radioactive weathering
dakspan kamień radioactivity weichgestein
dallas kamienie radioaktiv weichgesteine
dalle kanada radioaktive weiss
dalles kanadisch radioaktivitaet werbung
dark kanadische radioaktivität werbungen
data kanadischer radon werk
data base  kanadisches randleiste werkstein
database kauf randleisten werksteine
datas kaufen random werkstoff
daten keramik random slab  werkstoffdatenbank
datenbank keramiken random slabs  werkstoff-datenbank
datenbanken kichten-tops randstein werkstoffdatenbanken
datenblatt kies randsteine werkstoff-datenbanken
datenblätter kiesel raw block  werkstoffe
decor kieselstein raw blocks  wert
decorstone kieselsteine reinigen werte
decorstones kitchen reiniger white
dekor kitchen top reinigung wholesale
dekorative kitchen tops reinigung-shinweis wholesaler
dekorfliese kitchentop reinigungshinweise wholesalers
dekorfliesen kitchen-top reinigungs-hinweise window sill 
dekorgestein kitchentops reinigungs-hinweise window sills 
dekorgesteine klasse reinigungsmittel wirkstoff
dekorstein klebemörtel reinigungs-mittel wirkstoffe
dekorsteine kleben reinigungstipp wirkung
denkmalpflege kleber reinigungstipps wirkungen
denkmalpfleger kleinpflaster reinigung-stipps wissenschaftliche bezeichnung 
densidade kleinsteinpflaster renovierung wissenschaftliche bezeichnungen
density klinker renovierungen wissenschaftliche namen
description konglomerat requirement wissenschaftlicher name
descriptions konglomerate restauration withe
design kopalnia restaurator xisto
designer korallenkalk restauri yello
designers korallenkalke restaurieren yellow
desk top korallenstein restaurierung zaffiro
deutsch korallensteine restaurierungen zandobbio
deutsche korn restauro zandsteen
deutscher kosten restoration zementärer
deutsches kostenlos rhyolith zementäres
deutschland kostet richtig zertifikat
diabas kraftstein richtlinien zertifikate
diabase kraftsteine roca zertifiziert
diamant kristall rocas zierkies
diamante kristallisierung rocca zierkiese
diamond kristallisierungen roccia zierstein
dichte küche roccia metamorphica  ziersteine
dimension stone  küchen rocha zoccolino
dimension stones  küchenarbeitsplatte rocha metamorfica  zoccolo
dimensional stone  küchen-arbeitsplatte rocha metamorphica  zugprüfung
dimensional stones  küchenarbeitsplatten roche zugprüfungen
diorit küchen-arbeitsplatten roche metamorfique zulac
diorite küchenplatte roche metamorphique  zular
direkt küchenplatten rock  
direktimport kuechen rocks  

 

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